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Aqueous electromigration of single-walled carbon nanotubes and co-electromigration with copper ions

Pavan M. V. Raja, Gibran L. Esquenazi, Kourtney D. Wright, Cathren Gowenlock Orcid Logo, Bruce E. Brinson, Shirin Alexander Orcid Logo, Daniel Jones, Varun Shenoy Gangoli, Andrew Barron Orcid Logo

Nanoscale, Volume: 10, Issue: 41, Pages: 19628 - 19637

Swansea University Authors: Cathren Gowenlock Orcid Logo, Shirin Alexander Orcid Logo, Daniel Jones, Andrew Barron Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1039/C8NR06485G

Abstract

The electromigration behaviour of raw and acid purified single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in dilute aqueous systems (0.0034 mg mL−1), in the absence of surfactant, with the addition of either 0.85 M acetic acid or 0.1 M CuSO4, was evaluated using a 2-inch copper cathode and either a 2-inch cop...

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Published in: Nanoscale
ISSN: 2040-3364 2040-3372
Published: 2018
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa45492
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Abstract: The electromigration behaviour of raw and acid purified single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in dilute aqueous systems (0.0034 mg mL−1), in the absence of surfactant, with the addition of either 0.85 M acetic acid or 0.1 M CuSO4, was evaluated using a 2-inch copper cathode and either a 2-inch copper or 0.5-inch platinum anode. The results showed that the electromigration of raw SWCNTs (with a high catalyst residue) in the presence of CuSO4 resulted in the formation of a Cu-SWCNT composite material at the cathode. In contrast, acid purified SWCNTs were observed to diffuse to a copper anode, creating fibrillated agglomerates with “rice-grain”-like morphologies. Upon acidification with acetic acid (or addition of CuSO4) the direction of electromigration reversed towards the cathode as a result of coordination of Cu2+ to the functional groups on the SWCNT overcoming the inherent negative charge of the acid purified SWCNTs. The result was the co-deposition of SWCNTs and Cu metal on the cathode. Addition of 0.005 M EDTA sequesters some of the Cu2+ and resulted in the separation of metal decorated SWCNTs to the cathode and un-decorated SWCNTs to the anode. The resulting SWCNT and Cu/SWCNT deposits were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, XPS, SEM, EDS, and TEM.
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 41
Start Page: 19628
End Page: 19637