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Non-intrusive reduced order modelling with least squares fitting on a sparse grid

Z. Lin, D. Xiao, F. Fang, C. C. Pain, Ionel M. Navon, Dunhui Xiao Orcid Logo

International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, Volume: 83, Issue: 3, Pages: 291 - 306

Swansea University Author: Dunhui Xiao Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1002/fld.4268

Abstract

This paper presents a non‐intrusive reduced order model for general, dynamic partial differential equations. Based upon proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and Smolyak sparse grid collocation, the method first projects the unknowns with full space and time coordinates onto a reduced POD basis. The...

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Published in: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
ISSN: 0271-2091
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa46453
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Abstract: This paper presents a non‐intrusive reduced order model for general, dynamic partial differential equations. Based upon proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and Smolyak sparse grid collocation, the method first projects the unknowns with full space and time coordinates onto a reduced POD basis. Then we introduce a new least squares fitting procedure to approximate the dynamical transition of the POD coefficients between subsequent time steps, taking only a set of full model solution snapshots as the training data during the construction. Thus, neither the physical details nor further numerical simulations of the original PDE model are required by this methodology, and the level of non‐intrusiveness is improved compared with existing reduced order models. Furthermore, we take adaptive measures to address the instability issue arising from reduced order iterations of the POD coefficients. This model can be applied to a wide range of physical and engineering scenarios, and we test it on a couple of problems in fluid dynamics. It is demonstrated that this reduced order approach captures the dominant features of the high‐fidelity models with reasonable accuracy while the computation complexity is reduced by several orders of magnitude.
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Issue: 3
Start Page: 291
End Page: 306