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Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review / Amanda Robinson; Anna Clancy; Sam Hanks

Swansea University Author: Sam, Hanks

Abstract

The Integrated Offender Management (IOM) Cymru partnership commissioned this research to investigate the feasibility of developing a shared definition and common multi-agency recording process for serial domestic abuse perpetrators across Wales. This report sets out findings from phase one of the re...

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Published: 2014
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa48046
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spelling 2019-01-23T09:53:27.2874537 v2 48046 2019-01-04 Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review c58b4529daef981bc41ae915409a0958 0000-0001-9240-2952 Sam Hanks Sam Hanks true false 2019-01-04 CRIM The Integrated Offender Management (IOM) Cymru partnership commissioned this research to investigate the feasibility of developing a shared definition and common multi-agency recording process for serial domestic abuse perpetrators across Wales. This report sets out findings from phase one of the research which included a qualitative mapping exercise (interviews with Police, Probation, and third sector agency representatives) along with a quantitative analysis of n=6642 anonymised domestic abuse perpetrator records provided by Wales Probation Trust. The qualitative evidence obtained for this report indicated substantial variability within and across agencies, which undoubtedly impacts upon the way in which serial abusers are identified, targeted and managed across Wales:  The four Welsh police forces have a definition of serial domestic abuse in place, but each varies slightly, as do their recording systems and reporting processes.  The data currently held by Probation do not enable ‘serial perpetrators’ to be easily identified, and the two IT systems used by Wales Probation Trust to manage information about domestic abuse perpetrators are not used consistently across Wales.  There is not currently a systematic process in place to ensure serial perpetrators are routinely identified and flagged across all relevant third sector agencies. The quantitative case files analysis indicated the following:  Roughly three-quarters of perpetrators fell into the ‘medium’ risk category (as defined in OASys or SARA).  MAPPA arrangements were in place for only a small proportion (17.5%).  Analysis of the risk judgments indicated significant variation across Wales (e.g., some regions had twice as many perpetrators deemed to be at ‘high’ risk). It is not possible to ascertain whether this reflects a true difference in the risk profile of perpetrators, or different assessment practices amongst Offender Managers across the regions, or a combination of these. Both the qualitative and the quantitative findings have implications for the feasibility of implementing a system for the routine identification of ‘serial’ domestic abuse perpetrators across Wales. The main recommendation arising from this research is that Police, National Offender Management Service (NOMS) in Wales, and third sector partners should work towards a commonly agreed definition of ‘serial domestic abuse’ and amend their recording systems so that these individuals may be easily identified (a full set of recommendations is provided at the end of this report). By developing an agreed profile and a shared definition of serial domestic abuse perpetrators, interventions and services can be targeted more effectively to reduce re-offending and protect victims. ResearchReportExternalBody 31 7 2014 2014-07-31 COLLEGE NANME Criminology COLLEGE CODE CRIM Swansea University 2019-01-23T09:53:27.2874537 2019-01-04T17:57:13.7351175 Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law Criminology Amanda Robinson https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5071-850X 1 Anna Clancy 2 Sam Hanks 0000-0001-9240-2952 3
title Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
spellingShingle Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
Sam, Hanks
title_short Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
title_full Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
title_fullStr Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
title_full_unstemmed Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
title_sort Defining and Profiling Serial Domestic Abuse Perpetrators: An All-Wales Feasibility Review
author_id_str_mv c58b4529daef981bc41ae915409a0958
author_id_fullname_str_mv c58b4529daef981bc41ae915409a0958_***_Sam, Hanks
author Sam, Hanks
author2 Amanda Robinson
Anna Clancy
Sam Hanks
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publishDate 2014
institution Swansea University
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hierarchy_top_title Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law
hierarchy_parent_id hillaryrodhamclintonschooloflaw
hierarchy_parent_title Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law
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description The Integrated Offender Management (IOM) Cymru partnership commissioned this research to investigate the feasibility of developing a shared definition and common multi-agency recording process for serial domestic abuse perpetrators across Wales. This report sets out findings from phase one of the research which included a qualitative mapping exercise (interviews with Police, Probation, and third sector agency representatives) along with a quantitative analysis of n=6642 anonymised domestic abuse perpetrator records provided by Wales Probation Trust. The qualitative evidence obtained for this report indicated substantial variability within and across agencies, which undoubtedly impacts upon the way in which serial abusers are identified, targeted and managed across Wales:  The four Welsh police forces have a definition of serial domestic abuse in place, but each varies slightly, as do their recording systems and reporting processes.  The data currently held by Probation do not enable ‘serial perpetrators’ to be easily identified, and the two IT systems used by Wales Probation Trust to manage information about domestic abuse perpetrators are not used consistently across Wales.  There is not currently a systematic process in place to ensure serial perpetrators are routinely identified and flagged across all relevant third sector agencies. The quantitative case files analysis indicated the following:  Roughly three-quarters of perpetrators fell into the ‘medium’ risk category (as defined in OASys or SARA).  MAPPA arrangements were in place for only a small proportion (17.5%).  Analysis of the risk judgments indicated significant variation across Wales (e.g., some regions had twice as many perpetrators deemed to be at ‘high’ risk). It is not possible to ascertain whether this reflects a true difference in the risk profile of perpetrators, or different assessment practices amongst Offender Managers across the regions, or a combination of these. Both the qualitative and the quantitative findings have implications for the feasibility of implementing a system for the routine identification of ‘serial’ domestic abuse perpetrators across Wales. The main recommendation arising from this research is that Police, National Offender Management Service (NOMS) in Wales, and third sector partners should work towards a commonly agreed definition of ‘serial domestic abuse’ and amend their recording systems so that these individuals may be easily identified (a full set of recommendations is provided at the end of this report). By developing an agreed profile and a shared definition of serial domestic abuse perpetrators, interventions and services can be targeted more effectively to reduce re-offending and protect victims.
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