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The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life / William T.B. Eddolls

Swansea University Author: Eddolls, William T.B.

DOI (Published version): 10.23889/Suthesis.48137

Abstract

Reversing the decline in adolescents’ mental health has been identified as a priority, especially considering its links to quality of life (QoL). Given that physical activity and exercise have been suggested as potential methods to ameliorate poor mental health and QoL, high-intensity interval train...

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Published: 2018
Institution: Swansea University
Degree level: Doctoral
Degree name: Ph.D
Supervisor: Mackintosh, Kelly A. ; McNarry, Melitta A. ; Stratton, Gareth
Sponsors / Funders: Commando Joe’s Fun and Fitness Ltd
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa48137
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Given that physical activity and exercise have been suggested as potential methods to ameliorate poor mental health and QoL, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been suggested as a time-effective means to improve conditions such as anxiety and depression, as well as QoL. Therefore, in collaboration with Commando Joe&#x2019;s&#xAE;, the aim of this thesis was to design, conduct and evaluate the impact of a HIIT intervention on adolescents&#x2019; mental health and QoL. Prior to the design element of this thesis, Study 1 investigated and confirmed a significant relationship between vigorous physical activity, the unstructured form of HIIT, physiological and psychological health and QoL. Subsequently, utilising amalgamated findings from previous formative research and the systematic review included within Chapter 3, a HIIT intervention was designed and conducted. Study 2 therefore examined the effect of the 6-month HIIT intervention on body mass index, physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, anxiety, depression and QoL in adolescents, however, no significant changes to mental well-being, physiological health or QoL were exhibited. Consequently, to identify areas for improvement for future research, Study 3 evaluated the HIIT intervention using thematically analysed focus-groups presented by pen profiles. Results indicated that HIIT was an enjoyable form of exercise for adolescents, however, to maximise participation, factors related to session timing, exercise activities, group composition, instructor and exercise progression and protocol should be accounted for. Overall, while HIIT did not improve mental health or QoL, no detrimental effects were noted. 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spelling 2019-01-10T12:09:34Z v2 48137 2019-01-10 The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life William T.B. Eddolls William T.B. Eddolls true 0000-0002-9590-8817 true 5ef3ac5f609809aa1b76895affac08b5 ebe45a5a9d30f5ccb62eab199140c728 RYp9oNFfAjBSprsDbO4XFxbHhpNGhK+ZEf+BVPcHSeI= 2019-01-10 EEN Reversing the decline in adolescents’ mental health has been identified as a priority, especially considering its links to quality of life (QoL). Given that physical activity and exercise have been suggested as potential methods to ameliorate poor mental health and QoL, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been suggested as a time-effective means to improve conditions such as anxiety and depression, as well as QoL. Therefore, in collaboration with Commando Joe’s®, the aim of this thesis was to design, conduct and evaluate the impact of a HIIT intervention on adolescents’ mental health and QoL. Prior to the design element of this thesis, Study 1 investigated and confirmed a significant relationship between vigorous physical activity, the unstructured form of HIIT, physiological and psychological health and QoL. Subsequently, utilising amalgamated findings from previous formative research and the systematic review included within Chapter 3, a HIIT intervention was designed and conducted. Study 2 therefore examined the effect of the 6-month HIIT intervention on body mass index, physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, anxiety, depression and QoL in adolescents, however, no significant changes to mental well-being, physiological health or QoL were exhibited. Consequently, to identify areas for improvement for future research, Study 3 evaluated the HIIT intervention using thematically analysed focus-groups presented by pen profiles. Results indicated that HIIT was an enjoyable form of exercise for adolescents, however, to maximise participation, factors related to session timing, exercise activities, group composition, instructor and exercise progression and protocol should be accounted for. Overall, while HIIT did not improve mental health or QoL, no detrimental effects were noted. Advancing previous research, the present thesis provides support that HIIT is an enjoyable, feasible and time-efficient form of exercise, although further research is warranted to establish whether it can elicit improvements to mental health or QoL. E-Thesis High-intensity interval training, high-intensity exercise, physical health, physical activity, cardiometabolic fitness, body composition, mental health, anxiety, depression, quality of life, children, adolescents 0 0 2018 2018-01-01 10.23889/Suthesis.48137 A selection of third party content is redacted or is partially redacted from this thesis. College of Engineering Engineering CENG EEN Swansea University Mackintosh, Kelly A. ; McNarry, Melitta A. ; Stratton, Gareth Commando Joe’s Fun and Fitness Ltd Doctoral Ph.D 2019-01-11T08:42:06Z 2019-01-10T11:49:59Z College of Engineering Engineering William T.B. Eddolls 1 0048137-10012019120934.pdf Eddolls_William_T_B_PhD_Thesis_Final_Redacted.pdf 2019-01-10T12:09:34Z Output 3464986 application/pdf ETRVOA true Published to Cronfa 10/01/2019 2019-01-09T00:00:00 true
title The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
spellingShingle The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
Eddolls, William T.B.
title_short The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
title_full The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
title_fullStr The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
title_full_unstemmed The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
title_sort The evaluation of a school-based military style high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescent’s physical health, mental well-being and quality of life
author_id_str_mv 5ef3ac5f609809aa1b76895affac08b5
author_id_fullname_str_mv 5ef3ac5f609809aa1b76895affac08b5_***_Eddolls, William T.B.
author Eddolls, William T.B.
author2 William T.B. Eddolls
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description Reversing the decline in adolescents’ mental health has been identified as a priority, especially considering its links to quality of life (QoL). Given that physical activity and exercise have been suggested as potential methods to ameliorate poor mental health and QoL, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been suggested as a time-effective means to improve conditions such as anxiety and depression, as well as QoL. Therefore, in collaboration with Commando Joe’s®, the aim of this thesis was to design, conduct and evaluate the impact of a HIIT intervention on adolescents’ mental health and QoL. Prior to the design element of this thesis, Study 1 investigated and confirmed a significant relationship between vigorous physical activity, the unstructured form of HIIT, physiological and psychological health and QoL. Subsequently, utilising amalgamated findings from previous formative research and the systematic review included within Chapter 3, a HIIT intervention was designed and conducted. Study 2 therefore examined the effect of the 6-month HIIT intervention on body mass index, physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, anxiety, depression and QoL in adolescents, however, no significant changes to mental well-being, physiological health or QoL were exhibited. Consequently, to identify areas for improvement for future research, Study 3 evaluated the HIIT intervention using thematically analysed focus-groups presented by pen profiles. Results indicated that HIIT was an enjoyable form of exercise for adolescents, however, to maximise participation, factors related to session timing, exercise activities, group composition, instructor and exercise progression and protocol should be accounted for. Overall, while HIIT did not improve mental health or QoL, no detrimental effects were noted. Advancing previous research, the present thesis provides support that HIIT is an enjoyable, feasible and time-efficient form of exercise, although further research is warranted to establish whether it can elicit improvements to mental health or QoL.
published_date 2018-01-01T05:01:20Z
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