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The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study / Sam Crossley, Melitta McNarry, Parisa Eslambolchilar, Zoe Knowles, Kelly Mackintosh

Journal of Medical Internet Research, Volume: 21, Issue: 6

Swansea University Authors: Sam Crossley, Melitta McNarry, Parisa Eslambolchilar, Kelly Mackintosh

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DOI (Published version): 10.2196/12067

Abstract

Background: In the United Kingdom, most youth fail to achieve the government guideline of 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Reasons that are frequently cited for the underachievement of this guideline include (1) a lack of awareness of personal physical activity levels (...

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Published in: Journal of Medical Internet Research
ISSN: 1438-8871 1438-8871
Published: 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa49838
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Reasons that are frequently cited for the underachievement of this guideline include (1) a lack of awareness of personal physical activity levels (PALs) and (2) a lack of understanding of what activities and different intensities contribute to daily targets of physical activity (PA). Technological advances have enabled novel ways of representing PA data through personalized tangible three-dimensional (3D) models.Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 3D-printed models to enhance youth awareness and understanding of and motivation to engage in PA.Methods: A total of 39 primary school children (22 boys; mean age 7.9 [SD 0.3] years) and 58 secondary school adolescents (37 boys; mean age 13.8 [SD 0.3] years) participated in a 7-week fading intervention, whereby participants were given 3D-printed models of their previous week&#x2019;s objectively assessed PALs at 4 time points. Following the receipt of their 3D model, each participant completed a short semistructured video interview (children, 4.5 [SD 1.2] min; adolescents, 2.2 [SD 0.6] min) to assess their PA awareness, understanding, and motivation. Data were transcribed verbatim and thematically analyzed to enable key emergent themes to be further explored and identified.Results: Analyses revealed that the 3D models enhanced the youths&#x2019; awareness of and ability to recall and self-evaluate their PA behaviors. By the end of the study, the youths, irrespective of age, were able to correctly identify and relate to the government&#x2019;s PA guideline represented on the models, despite their inability to articulate the government's guideline through time and intensity. Following the fourth 3D model, 72% (71/97) of the youths used the models as a goal-setting strategy, further highlighting such models as a motivational tool to promote PA.Conclusions: The results suggest that 3D-printed models of PA enhanced the youths&#x2019; awareness of their PA levels and provided a motivational tool for goal setting, potentially offering a unique strategy for future PA promotion.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Journal of Medical Internet Research</journal><volume>21</volume><journalNumber>6</journalNumber><paginationStart/><paginationEnd/><publisher/><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint>1438-8871</issnPrint><issnElectronic>1438-8871</issnElectronic><keywords>behavior change; health education; feedback; self-monitoring; accelerometry; schools; adolescent; child</keywords><publishedDay>30</publishedDay><publishedMonth>6</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2019</publishedYear><publishedDate>2019-06-30</publishedDate><doi>10.2196/12067</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Science and Engineering - Faculty</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>FGSEN</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2021-01-14T13:54:48.5908180</lastEdited><Created>2019-04-01T11:50:18.7881087</Created><path><level id="1"/><level id="2"/></path><authors><author><firstname>Sam</firstname><surname>Crossley</surname><orcid/><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Melitta</firstname><surname>McNarry</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0813-7477</orcid><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Parisa</firstname><surname>Eslambolchilar</surname><orcid>0000-0003-4610-1643</orcid><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Zoe</firstname><surname>Knowles</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Kelly</firstname><surname>Mackintosh</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0355-6357</orcid><order>5</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0049838-04072019110456.pdf</filename><originalFilename>crossley2019(4).pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2019-07-04T11:04:56.1500000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>1456085</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Version of Record</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><action/><documentNotes>Distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-4.0).</documentNotes><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2021-01-14T13:54:48.5908180 v2 49838 2019-04-01 The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study 913e6637ce290093ab1f9bae38a145ad Sam Crossley Sam Crossley true false 062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398 0000-0003-0813-7477 Melitta McNarry Melitta McNarry true false 82ddb5ec487e50883f14e2ea583ef6db 0000-0003-4610-1643 Parisa Eslambolchilar Parisa Eslambolchilar true false bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214 0000-0003-0355-6357 Kelly Mackintosh Kelly Mackintosh true false 2019-04-01 FGSEN Background: In the United Kingdom, most youth fail to achieve the government guideline of 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Reasons that are frequently cited for the underachievement of this guideline include (1) a lack of awareness of personal physical activity levels (PALs) and (2) a lack of understanding of what activities and different intensities contribute to daily targets of physical activity (PA). Technological advances have enabled novel ways of representing PA data through personalized tangible three-dimensional (3D) models.Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 3D-printed models to enhance youth awareness and understanding of and motivation to engage in PA.Methods: A total of 39 primary school children (22 boys; mean age 7.9 [SD 0.3] years) and 58 secondary school adolescents (37 boys; mean age 13.8 [SD 0.3] years) participated in a 7-week fading intervention, whereby participants were given 3D-printed models of their previous week’s objectively assessed PALs at 4 time points. Following the receipt of their 3D model, each participant completed a short semistructured video interview (children, 4.5 [SD 1.2] min; adolescents, 2.2 [SD 0.6] min) to assess their PA awareness, understanding, and motivation. Data were transcribed verbatim and thematically analyzed to enable key emergent themes to be further explored and identified.Results: Analyses revealed that the 3D models enhanced the youths’ awareness of and ability to recall and self-evaluate their PA behaviors. By the end of the study, the youths, irrespective of age, were able to correctly identify and relate to the government’s PA guideline represented on the models, despite their inability to articulate the government's guideline through time and intensity. Following the fourth 3D model, 72% (71/97) of the youths used the models as a goal-setting strategy, further highlighting such models as a motivational tool to promote PA.Conclusions: The results suggest that 3D-printed models of PA enhanced the youths’ awareness of their PA levels and provided a motivational tool for goal setting, potentially offering a unique strategy for future PA promotion. Journal Article Journal of Medical Internet Research 21 6 1438-8871 1438-8871 behavior change; health education; feedback; self-monitoring; accelerometry; schools; adolescent; child 30 6 2019 2019-06-30 10.2196/12067 COLLEGE NANME Science and Engineering - Faculty COLLEGE CODE FGSEN Swansea University 2021-01-14T13:54:48.5908180 2019-04-01T11:50:18.7881087 Sam Crossley 1 Melitta McNarry 0000-0003-0813-7477 2 Parisa Eslambolchilar 0000-0003-4610-1643 3 Zoe Knowles 4 Kelly Mackintosh 0000-0003-0355-6357 5 0049838-04072019110456.pdf crossley2019(4).pdf 2019-07-04T11:04:56.1500000 Output 1456085 application/pdf Version of Record true Distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-4.0). true eng
title The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
spellingShingle The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
Sam, Crossley
Melitta, McNarry
Parisa, Eslambolchilar
Kelly, Mackintosh
title_short The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
title_full The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
title_fullStr The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
title_full_unstemmed The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
title_sort The Tangibility of Personalized 3D-Printed Feedback May Enhance Youths’ Physical Activity Awareness, Goal Setting, and Motivation: Intervention Study
author_id_str_mv 913e6637ce290093ab1f9bae38a145ad
062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398
82ddb5ec487e50883f14e2ea583ef6db
bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214
author_id_fullname_str_mv 913e6637ce290093ab1f9bae38a145ad_***_Sam, Crossley
062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398_***_Melitta, McNarry
82ddb5ec487e50883f14e2ea583ef6db_***_Parisa, Eslambolchilar
bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214_***_Kelly, Mackintosh
author Sam, Crossley
Melitta, McNarry
Parisa, Eslambolchilar
Kelly, Mackintosh
author2 Sam Crossley
Melitta McNarry
Parisa Eslambolchilar
Zoe Knowles
Kelly Mackintosh
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Medical Internet Research
container_volume 21
container_issue 6
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 1438-8871
1438-8871
doi_str_mv 10.2196/12067
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Background: In the United Kingdom, most youth fail to achieve the government guideline of 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Reasons that are frequently cited for the underachievement of this guideline include (1) a lack of awareness of personal physical activity levels (PALs) and (2) a lack of understanding of what activities and different intensities contribute to daily targets of physical activity (PA). Technological advances have enabled novel ways of representing PA data through personalized tangible three-dimensional (3D) models.Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 3D-printed models to enhance youth awareness and understanding of and motivation to engage in PA.Methods: A total of 39 primary school children (22 boys; mean age 7.9 [SD 0.3] years) and 58 secondary school adolescents (37 boys; mean age 13.8 [SD 0.3] years) participated in a 7-week fading intervention, whereby participants were given 3D-printed models of their previous week’s objectively assessed PALs at 4 time points. Following the receipt of their 3D model, each participant completed a short semistructured video interview (children, 4.5 [SD 1.2] min; adolescents, 2.2 [SD 0.6] min) to assess their PA awareness, understanding, and motivation. Data were transcribed verbatim and thematically analyzed to enable key emergent themes to be further explored and identified.Results: Analyses revealed that the 3D models enhanced the youths’ awareness of and ability to recall and self-evaluate their PA behaviors. By the end of the study, the youths, irrespective of age, were able to correctly identify and relate to the government’s PA guideline represented on the models, despite their inability to articulate the government's guideline through time and intensity. Following the fourth 3D model, 72% (71/97) of the youths used the models as a goal-setting strategy, further highlighting such models as a motivational tool to promote PA.Conclusions: The results suggest that 3D-printed models of PA enhanced the youths’ awareness of their PA levels and provided a motivational tool for goal setting, potentially offering a unique strategy for future PA promotion.
published_date 2019-06-30T04:09:12Z
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