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Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation

Jérémy Barbé, Declan Hughes, Zhengfei Wei, Adam Pockett, Harrison K. H. Lee, Keith C. Heasman, Matt Carnie Orcid Logo, Trystan Watson Orcid Logo, Wing Chung Tsoi Orcid Logo

Solar RRL, Volume: 3, Issue: 12

Swansea University Authors: Zhengfei Wei, Matt Carnie Orcid Logo, Trystan Watson Orcid Logo, Wing Chung Tsoi Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1002/solr.201900219

Abstract

Due to their high specific power and potential to save both weight and stow volume, perovskite solar cells have gained increasing interest to be used for space applications. However, before they can be deployed into space, their resistance to ionizing radiations such as high‐energy protons must be d...

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Published in: Solar RRL
ISSN: 2367-198X 2367-198X
Published: 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa51609
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However, before they can be deployed into space, their resistance to ionizing radiations such as high&#x2010;energy protons must be demonstrated. In this report, we investigate the effect of 150 keV protons on the performance of perovskite solar cells based on aluminium&#x2010;doped zinc oxide (AZO) transparent conducting oxide (TCO). Record power conversion efficiency of 15% and 13.6% were obtained for cells based on AZO under AM1.5G and AM0 illumination, respectively. We demonstrate that perovskite solar cells can withstand proton irradiation up to 1013 protons.cm&#x2212;2 without significant loss in efficiency. At this irradiation dose, Si or GaAs solar cells would be completely or severely degraded when exposed to 150 keV protons. From 1014 protons.cm&#x2212;2, a decrease in short&#x2010;circuit current of the perovskite cells is observed, which is consistent with interfacial degradation due to deterioration of the Spiro&#x2010;OMeTAD HTL during proton irradiation. Using a combination of non&#x2010;destructive characterization techniques, results suggest that the structural and optical properties of perovskite remain intact up to high fluence levels. Although shallow trap states are induced by proton irradiation in perovskite bulk at low fluence levels, they can release charges efficiently and are not detrimental to the cell's performance. 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spelling 2021-01-15T10:33:41.4536393 v2 51609 2019-08-28 Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation e4ae52ae9b63b7b6da834c460ee3bb2d Zhengfei Wei Zhengfei Wei true false 73b367694366a646b90bb15db32bb8c0 0000-0002-4232-1967 Matt Carnie Matt Carnie true false a210327b52472cfe8df9b8108d661457 0000-0002-8015-1436 Trystan Watson Trystan Watson true false 7e5f541df6635a9a8e1a579ff2de5d56 0000-0003-3836-5139 Wing Chung Tsoi Wing Chung Tsoi true false 2019-08-28 MTLS Due to their high specific power and potential to save both weight and stow volume, perovskite solar cells have gained increasing interest to be used for space applications. However, before they can be deployed into space, their resistance to ionizing radiations such as high‐energy protons must be demonstrated. In this report, we investigate the effect of 150 keV protons on the performance of perovskite solar cells based on aluminium‐doped zinc oxide (AZO) transparent conducting oxide (TCO). Record power conversion efficiency of 15% and 13.6% were obtained for cells based on AZO under AM1.5G and AM0 illumination, respectively. We demonstrate that perovskite solar cells can withstand proton irradiation up to 1013 protons.cm−2 without significant loss in efficiency. At this irradiation dose, Si or GaAs solar cells would be completely or severely degraded when exposed to 150 keV protons. From 1014 protons.cm−2, a decrease in short‐circuit current of the perovskite cells is observed, which is consistent with interfacial degradation due to deterioration of the Spiro‐OMeTAD HTL during proton irradiation. Using a combination of non‐destructive characterization techniques, results suggest that the structural and optical properties of perovskite remain intact up to high fluence levels. Although shallow trap states are induced by proton irradiation in perovskite bulk at low fluence levels, they can release charges efficiently and are not detrimental to the cell's performance. This work highlights the potential of perovskite solar cells based on AZO TCO to be used for space applications and give a deeper understanding of interfacial degradation due to proton irradiation. Journal Article Solar RRL 3 12 2367-198X 2367-198X aluminium‐doped zinc oxide, perovskite solar cells, proton irradiation, space 1 12 2019 2019-12-01 10.1002/solr.201900219 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/solr.201900219 COLLEGE NANME Materials Science and Engineering COLLEGE CODE MTLS Swansea University 2021-01-15T10:33:41.4536393 2019-08-28T10:55:17.1753561 College of Engineering Engineering Jérémy Barbé 1 Declan Hughes 2 Zhengfei Wei 3 Adam Pockett 4 Harrison K. H. Lee 5 Keith C. Heasman 6 Matt Carnie 0000-0002-4232-1967 7 Trystan Watson 0000-0002-8015-1436 8 Wing Chung Tsoi 0000-0003-3836-5139 9 0051609-30082019094054.pdf barbe2019.pdf 2019-08-30T09:40:54.6370000 Output 1420241 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2020-09-13T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
spellingShingle Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
Zhengfei Wei
Matt Carnie
Trystan Watson
Wing Chung Tsoi
title_short Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
title_full Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
title_fullStr Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
title_full_unstemmed Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
title_sort Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Aluminum‐Doped Zinc Oxide Electrode Under Proton Irradiation
author_id_str_mv e4ae52ae9b63b7b6da834c460ee3bb2d
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author_id_fullname_str_mv e4ae52ae9b63b7b6da834c460ee3bb2d_***_Zhengfei Wei
73b367694366a646b90bb15db32bb8c0_***_Matt Carnie
a210327b52472cfe8df9b8108d661457_***_Trystan Watson
7e5f541df6635a9a8e1a579ff2de5d56_***_Wing Chung Tsoi
author Zhengfei Wei
Matt Carnie
Trystan Watson
Wing Chung Tsoi
author2 Jérémy Barbé
Declan Hughes
Zhengfei Wei
Adam Pockett
Harrison K. H. Lee
Keith C. Heasman
Matt Carnie
Trystan Watson
Wing Chung Tsoi
format Journal article
container_title Solar RRL
container_volume 3
container_issue 12
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 2367-198X
2367-198X
doi_str_mv 10.1002/solr.201900219
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/solr.201900219
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Due to their high specific power and potential to save both weight and stow volume, perovskite solar cells have gained increasing interest to be used for space applications. However, before they can be deployed into space, their resistance to ionizing radiations such as high‐energy protons must be demonstrated. In this report, we investigate the effect of 150 keV protons on the performance of perovskite solar cells based on aluminium‐doped zinc oxide (AZO) transparent conducting oxide (TCO). Record power conversion efficiency of 15% and 13.6% were obtained for cells based on AZO under AM1.5G and AM0 illumination, respectively. We demonstrate that perovskite solar cells can withstand proton irradiation up to 1013 protons.cm−2 without significant loss in efficiency. At this irradiation dose, Si or GaAs solar cells would be completely or severely degraded when exposed to 150 keV protons. From 1014 protons.cm−2, a decrease in short‐circuit current of the perovskite cells is observed, which is consistent with interfacial degradation due to deterioration of the Spiro‐OMeTAD HTL during proton irradiation. Using a combination of non‐destructive characterization techniques, results suggest that the structural and optical properties of perovskite remain intact up to high fluence levels. Although shallow trap states are induced by proton irradiation in perovskite bulk at low fluence levels, they can release charges efficiently and are not detrimental to the cell's performance. This work highlights the potential of perovskite solar cells based on AZO TCO to be used for space applications and give a deeper understanding of interfacial degradation due to proton irradiation.
published_date 2019-12-01T04:05:16Z
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