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The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Hospital Anxiety and Depression in Female Older Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial / Mojtaba, Vaismoradi

International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork: Research, Education, & Practice, Volume: 12, Issue: 3, Pages: 16 - 21

Swansea University Author: Mojtaba, Vaismoradi

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Abstract

Background: Patients with cardiovascular diseases usually suffer from hospital anxiety and depression. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of foot reflexology massage on anxiety and depression in female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome. Participants: Ninety older women...

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Published in: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork: Research, Education, & Practice
ISSN: 1916-257X
Published: 2019
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa51661
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Abstract: Background: Patients with cardiovascular diseases usually suffer from hospital anxiety and depression. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of foot reflexology massage on anxiety and depression in female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome. Participants: Ninety older women with acute coronary syndrome were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups (n=45 in each group). Research Design: A randomized controlled trial. Intervention: The intervention and control groups received foot reflexology massage and routine care, respectively. Main Outcomes Measures: The levels of anxiety and depression were evaluated using the hospital's anxiety and depression scale (HADS) before and immediately after foot reflexology massage. Results: Foot reflexology massage reduced both anxiety (F(1.44)=19.11, p = .001) and depression (F(1.44)=16.76, p = .001) in acute coronary patients relative to control patients. The intervention had a large effect on hospital anxiety and depression. Conclusions: Foot reflexology massage is an efficient and safe intervention for alleviating psychological responses among female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome during hospitalization.
Keywords: acute coronary syndrome; anxiety; depression; hospital; reflexology
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 3
Start Page: 16
End Page: 21