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Characterisation of bacteria from the cultures of a Chlorella strain isolated from textile wastewater and their growth enhancing effects on the axenic cultures of Chlorella vulgaris in low nutrient media
Algal Research, Volume: 44, Start page: 101666
Swansea University Author: Carole Llewellyn
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DOI (Published version): 10.1016/j.algal.2019.101666
There is increasing interest in the use of microalgae grown on wastewater to provide useful metabolites. Several bacteria have been shown to affect the growth rate and quality of the algae, but it is not clear if this is specific to a particular group of bacteria or if nutrient conditions can also i...
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There is increasing interest in the use of microalgae grown on wastewater to provide useful metabolites. Several bacteria have been shown to affect the growth rate and quality of the algae, but it is not clear if this is specific to a particular group of bacteria or if nutrient conditions can also influence this interaction. The bacterial community associated with a freshwater Chlorella sp. isolated from open pond textile factory wastewater was characterised and a diverse group of bacteria isolated. We provide evidence that nutrient concentrations affect bacterial community composition. When grown in BG11 medium, the community was dominated by Pseudomonas sp., but when grown in Chu 10 medium (which contains lower nitrogen and phosphorus), the relative abundance of a Brevundimonas spp. increased. Several of the bacteria isolated were able to influence the growth of an axenic Chlorella vulgaris culture. The Pseudomonas sp. had a negative effect in all media tested whereas several isolates enhanced C. vulgaris growth, but only in Chu 10 medium. This supports the theory that bacterial stimulation of algal growth is not limited to species-specific interactions but is influenced by environmental conditions. In low nutrient conditions, Chlorella sp. may be increasingly dependent on bacteria for growth.
Chlorella; Algae-associated bacteria; Growth
Faculty of Science and Engineering