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Country-level entrepreneurial attitudes and activity through the years: A panel data analysis using fsQCA / Malcolm J. Beynon; Paul Jones; David Pickernell

Journal of Business Research, Volume: 115, Pages: 443 - 455

Swansea University Author: Paul, Jones

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 4th June 2021

Abstract

This paper presents a novel longitudinal study of entrepreneurial attitudes and activity. The study uses fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) and builds on a previous cross-sectional cross-country investigation. Data for 2007–2017 from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project...

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Published in: Journal of Business Research
ISSN: 0148-2963
Published: UK Elsevier BV 2020
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa52955
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Abstract: This paper presents a novel longitudinal study of entrepreneurial attitudes and activity. The study uses fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) and builds on a previous cross-sectional cross-country investigation. Data for 2007–2017 from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project are used to compare 108 countries in terms of entrepreneurial attitudes and activity. Considering each country-year GEM observation as a case (in fsQCA terms), causal recipes are found and then interpreted. Elucidation of the nature of the considered panel data set is given by (i) analyzing the causal recipes’ consistency across different years and (ii) investigating individual countries and their consistency across recipes and years. The study has policy management and future research implications based on the heterogeneous year-on-year relationships identified between entrepreneurial attitudes and activity across different countries. Panel fsQCA and year-specific cross-sectional fsQCA are also compared.
Keywords: fsQCA, Entrepreneurial attitudes, longitudinal, GEM, Entrepreneurial activity
Start Page: 443
End Page: 455