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A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales / GEMMA MORGAN

Swansea University Author: GEMMA, MORGAN

DOI (Published version): 10.23889/Suthesis.53747

Abstract

The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model has been recognised as the leading model of offender supervision due to its ‘empirical validity and practical utility’ (Polaschek, 2012:1). However, this thesis discusses the need to develop the explanatory depth, theoretical and empirical base of the RNR model...

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Published: Swansea 2020
Institution: Swansea University
Degree level: Doctoral
Degree name: Ph.D
Supervisor: Raynor, Peter ; Ugwudike, Pamela ; Roberts, Susan
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa53747
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first_indexed 2020-03-06T19:38:34Z
last_indexed 2020-09-17T03:17:10Z
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spelling 2020-03-06T16:19:35.5542316 v2 53747 2020-03-06 A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales 3a1090a469faf72eb8289b9fd72487a5 GEMMA MORGAN GEMMA MORGAN true false 2020-03-06 The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model has been recognised as the leading model of offender supervision due to its ‘empirical validity and practical utility’ (Polaschek, 2012:1). However, this thesis discusses the need to develop the explanatory depth, theoretical and empirical base of the RNR model in order to make it more applicable to youth justice practices in Wales. To date, the precise processes of supervision in the Welsh youth justice system has remained largely unexplored. This has created a gap in knowledge and poses several implications. With limited empirical insight, it is difficult to understand whether practitioners effectively implement evidence-based practices into their front-line service delivery. This thesis utilises the Correctional Programme Assessment Inventory 2010 (CPAI-2010) to evaluate the practices of four Youth Offending Services and one Secure Estate in Wales. Designed by North American academics, the CPAI-2010 measures practice integrity and indicates the extent to which criminal justice agencies are aligned to Gendreau et al.’s (2004; 2010) conceptualisation of the RNR model. Previous research has revealed that high CPAI scores (high practice integrity) are associated with lower levels of recidivism. This study revealed that a practice integrity gap exists in Wales. As such, this thesis discusses the factors that undermine practice integrity and provides practical solutions to bridge the gulf that exists between the theory of effective practice and its implementation of front-line service delivery. Additionally, this thesis addresses the evaluation responsivity issues associated with using the CPAI-2010 in Wales. The innovation of this study is the development of a responsive, youth-specific, evidence-based evaluation tool - the Youth Justice Evaluation Inventory (YJEI). E-Thesis Swansea Criminology, Youth Justice, Responsive Evaluations, Risk-Need-Responsivity, Children First, Practice Integrity 6 3 2020 2020-03-06 10.23889/Suthesis.53747 COLLEGE NANME COLLEGE CODE Swansea University Raynor, Peter ; Ugwudike, Pamela ; Roberts, Susan Doctoral Ph.D 2020-03-06T16:19:35.5542316 2020-03-06T16:19:35.5542316 GEMMA MORGAN 1 53747__16793__fd61819ccf4e4f55b3d29ac1c6a9bed0.pdf Morgan_Gemma_PhD_Thesis_Final_Redacted.pdf 2020-03-06T16:46:50.0400577 Output 4055386 application/pdf E-Thesis – open access true true eng
title A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
spellingShingle A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
GEMMA, MORGAN
title_short A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
title_full A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
title_fullStr A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
title_full_unstemmed A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
title_sort A Multi-Dimensional Evaluation of Youth Justice Practices and Outcomes in Wales
author_id_str_mv 3a1090a469faf72eb8289b9fd72487a5
author_id_fullname_str_mv 3a1090a469faf72eb8289b9fd72487a5_***_GEMMA, MORGAN
author GEMMA, MORGAN
author2 GEMMA MORGAN
format E-Thesis
publishDate 2020
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.23889/Suthesis.53747
document_store_str 1
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description The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model has been recognised as the leading model of offender supervision due to its ‘empirical validity and practical utility’ (Polaschek, 2012:1). However, this thesis discusses the need to develop the explanatory depth, theoretical and empirical base of the RNR model in order to make it more applicable to youth justice practices in Wales. To date, the precise processes of supervision in the Welsh youth justice system has remained largely unexplored. This has created a gap in knowledge and poses several implications. With limited empirical insight, it is difficult to understand whether practitioners effectively implement evidence-based practices into their front-line service delivery. This thesis utilises the Correctional Programme Assessment Inventory 2010 (CPAI-2010) to evaluate the practices of four Youth Offending Services and one Secure Estate in Wales. Designed by North American academics, the CPAI-2010 measures practice integrity and indicates the extent to which criminal justice agencies are aligned to Gendreau et al.’s (2004; 2010) conceptualisation of the RNR model. Previous research has revealed that high CPAI scores (high practice integrity) are associated with lower levels of recidivism. This study revealed that a practice integrity gap exists in Wales. As such, this thesis discusses the factors that undermine practice integrity and provides practical solutions to bridge the gulf that exists between the theory of effective practice and its implementation of front-line service delivery. Additionally, this thesis addresses the evaluation responsivity issues associated with using the CPAI-2010 in Wales. The innovation of this study is the development of a responsive, youth-specific, evidence-based evaluation tool - the Youth Justice Evaluation Inventory (YJEI).
published_date 2020-03-06T04:08:12Z
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score 10.846388