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Pyrometallurgical removal of zinc from basic oxygen steelmaking dust – A review of best available technology
Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Volume: 157, Start page: 104746
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Approximately 20 kg of dust and sludges are produced per ton of liquid steel produced via the blast furnaces (BF)/basic oxygen furnace (BOF) production route. Many of these dusts are recycled through the sinter plant or blast furnace route without issue, but high zinc content dusts are routinely lan...
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Approximately 20 kg of dust and sludges are produced per ton of liquid steel produced via the blast furnaces (BF)/basic oxygen furnace (BOF) production route. Many of these dusts are recycled through the sinter plant or blast furnace route without issue, but high zinc content dusts are routinely landfilled. Hydrometallurgical techniques, such as alkaline leaching, that are often utilized to remove zinc from electric arc furnace dusts are inappropriate for recovery of material from BOS dust due to the lower zinc concentration present and extra post-processing steps to utilize the separated iron product. Pyrometallurgical treatment through a rotary hearth furnace (RHF), in processes such as FASTMET®, can currently be considered as the most commercially attractive option for the processing and recovery of iron and zinc units when employed as part of an integrated steelworks. The crude zinc oxide produced is suitable for sale to zinc smelters, and the direct reduced iron produced provides process benefits through use, such as reduced blast furnace coking rates and increased productivity. The advantages and disadvantages of variations and alternatives are reviewed with regard to future developments.
Basic oxygen steelmaking, Dust, Iron, Pyrometallurgy, Zinc