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A first-principles theoretical study of the electronic and optical properties of twisted bilayer GaN structures / Lijie, Li; Xiang, Cai
Journal of Computational Electronics
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Gallium nitride (GaN) is a well-investigated material that is applied in many advanced power electronic and optoelectronic devices due to its wide bandgap. However, derivatives of its monolayer form, such as bilayer structures, have rarely been reported. We study herein the electronic and optical pr...
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Gallium nitride (GaN) is a well-investigated material that is applied in many advanced power electronic and optoelectronic devices due to its wide bandgap. However, derivatives of its monolayer form, such as bilayer structures, have rarely been reported. We study herein the electronic and optical properties of GaN bilayer structures that are rotated in the plane at several optimized angles by using the density functional theory method. To maintain the structural stability and use a small cell size, the twisting angles of the GaN bilayer structures are optimized to be 27.8°, 38.2°, and 46.8° using the crystal matching theory. The band-structure analysis reveals that the bandgap is wider for the twisted structures compared with the nontwisted case. The simulation results provide the absorption coefficient, extinction coefficient, reflectivity, and refractive index at these angles. The spectra of all these optical properties match with the bandgap values. The simulated refractive index of the bilayer structures at all the twisting angles including 0° is smaller than that of bulk GaN, indicating a reduced scattering loss for optoelectronics applications. Considering the results of this analysis, the possible applications may include low-loss integrated electronic and optical devices and systems.