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Centres containing monuments, open cities and sanctuaries for art: ‘super-refuges’ from the First World to the 1954 Hague Convention.

Nigel Pollard Orcid Logo

Cultural Property, Conflict & the Hague Convention

Swansea University Author: Nigel Pollard Orcid Logo

Abstract

This paper examines the second aspect of Special Protection in the 1954 Hague Convention, namely ‘centres containing monuments and other immovable cultural property of very great importance’ (Hague 1954, art. 8.1). I argue that this provision reflects debate and experience in the Second World War (a...

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Published in: Cultural Property, Conflict & the Hague Convention
Published: Woodbridge Boydell & Brewer
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa54289
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Abstract: This paper examines the second aspect of Special Protection in the 1954 Hague Convention, namely ‘centres containing monuments and other immovable cultural property of very great importance’ (Hague 1954, art. 8.1). I argue that this provision reflects debate and experience in the Second World War (and, in fact, in the inter-war period preceeding it). In the case of ‘centres containing monuments’, it seems clear to me that their protection developed from a very specific wartime and pre-war concept that a few centres of preeminent existing cultural importance could be designated as open cities to serve also as ‘super-refuges’ for portable cultural property.
College: College of Arts and Humanities