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The performance of the IMERG satellite-based product in identifying sub-daily rainfall events and their properties

Emerson da S. Freitas, Victor Hugo R. Coelho, Yunqing Xuan Orcid Logo, Davi de C.D. Melo, André N. Gadelha, Elias A. Santos, Carlos de O. Galvão, Geraldo M. Ramos Filho, Luis Romero Barbosa, George J. Huffman, Walt A. Petersen, Cristiano das N. Almeida

Journal of Hydrology, Volume: 589

Swansea University Author: Yunqing Xuan Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Sub-daily rainfall information is essential for many hydrological applications, but ground-based data availability is still an issue in poorly gauged regions worldwide. Satellite remote sensing missions, such as the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, have been playing a key role in esti...

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Published in: Journal of Hydrology
ISSN: 0022-1694
Published: Elsevier BV 2020
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa54424
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Abstract: Sub-daily rainfall information is essential for many hydrological applications, but ground-based data availability is still an issue in poorly gauged regions worldwide. Satellite remote sensing missions, such as the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, have been playing a key role in estimating sub-daily rainfall data globally. However, the quality of such information needs to be carefully evaluated. Previous studies evaluating sub-daily data from the Integrated multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) product considered only the rainfall depth over pre-defined periods (e.g., hourly or half-hourly), with no analysis of the ability and quality of the product in defining the actual rainfall events and the associated properties. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of the IMERG Final Run Version 06B (V06B) product in capturing sub-daily rainfall events and their properties (depth, duration and intensity) over Brazil. The analysis consisted of comparing the satellite estimates against the ground-based data from 1,757 sub-daily rainfall gauges for a period of three years (2015–2017). This study used the minimum inter-event time (MIT) criterion to define independent rainfall events determined by dry periods: 1, 6 and 24 hours. Results show that IMERG can properly estimate the sub-daily rainfall depth for the three MITs considered, with the best results found in the southern part of the country. This means that the IMERG product represents a good source of sub-daily rainfall depth data for hydrological and hydroclimatic applications in Brazil. On the other hand, the evaluation shows large overestimations and underestimations of the IMERG product for rainfall duration and intensity properties, respectively. The results obtained from this study provide a reference for IMERG users who require sub-daily rainfall data based on events and further knowledge about its properties.
Keywords: GPM, Evaluation, Inter-event time, Depth, Intensity, Duration
College: College of Engineering