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Facile and environmentally friendly synthesis of ultramicroporous carbon spheres: A significant improvement in CVD method
Carbon, Volume: 171, Pages: 426 - 436
Swansea University Authors: Saeid Khodabakhshi, Sajad Kiani, Yubiao Niu, Alvin Orbaek White , Richard Palmer , Andrew Barron , Enrico Andreoli
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DOI (Published version): 10.1016/j.carbon.2020.08.056
A new and environmentally friendly non-caustic route to synthesize ultramicroporous carbon spheres (CS) via a simple one-step non-catalytic and activation-free chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method is described. The CVD method was applied at different temperatures, 600-900 °C; 800 °C was identified...
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A new and environmentally friendly non-caustic route to synthesize ultramicroporous carbon spheres (CS) via a simple one-step non-catalytic and activation-free chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method is described. The CVD method was applied at different temperatures, 600-900 °C; 800 °C was identified as the optimum for CS formation using a safe solid feedstock. The proposed method is suitable for large-scale adoption since high pyrolysis temperatures are already used in multi-million-ton industries such as that of carbon black production. Specific surface area and total pore volume were influenced by the deposition temperature, leading to an appreciable change in overall capture capacity. The ultramicropores allow the effective interaction of the sorbent with CO2, resulting in high carbon capture capacity at both atmospheric and lower pressures. At atmospheric pressure, the highest CO2 adsorption capacities were ca. 4.0 mmol.g-1 and 2.9 mmol.g-1 at 0 °C and 25 °C, respectively, for the best CS. At lower pressure, 0.15 bar, the CO2 adsorption capacities were 2.0 mmol.g-1 and 1.1 mmol.g-1, again at 0 °C and 25 °C. The CS showed good sorption/desorption cyclability, ease of regeneration, favorable selectivity over N2 of 30:1 at 25 °C, and rapid kinetics.
Carbon spheres, Ultramicripores, CVD, Green, CO2 capture
Faculty of Science and Engineering