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Biomass Conversion by Pyrolysis Technology

T. E. Odetoye, James Titiloye Orcid Logo

Valorization of Biomass to Value-Added Commodities, Pages: 303 - 316

Swansea University Author: James Titiloye Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Biomass conversions into value-added products have been done through biochemical, chemical and thermochemical processes. Pyrolysis is an existing popularly adopted thermochemical methods for biomass conversion. Pyrolysis process involves thermal decomposition which occurs above 400 °C without oxygen...

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Published in: Valorization of Biomass to Value-Added Commodities
ISBN: 9783030380311 9783030380328
ISSN: 1865-3529 1865-3537
Published: Cham Springer International Publishing 2020
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa55160
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Abstract: Biomass conversions into value-added products have been done through biochemical, chemical and thermochemical processes. Pyrolysis is an existing popularly adopted thermochemical methods for biomass conversion. Pyrolysis process involves thermal decomposition which occurs above 400 °C without oxygen. During this pyrolysis process, organic matters are transformed into gases, liquids and solid residues containing carbon and ash. Pyrolysis occurs in two distinct steps, removal of moisture and condensation of volatiles into liquid fraction. These steps are controlled by some parameters, such as the feed properties, rate of heat transfer to the feeds, the residence time and the reaction temperature. Although pyrolysis has long been an established process usually practised in the chemical industry for the production of various chemicals from wood, it has become an important means of biomass conversion and a precursor to biorefining opportunities with future prospects.
Keywords: Biomass conversion, Pyrolysis, Value-added products, Bio-oils, Liquefaction
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Start Page: 303
End Page: 316