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The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage / Stephen D. Patterson, Rachael Swan, William Page, Moacir Marocolo, Owen Jeffries, Mark Waldron

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Volume: 24, Issue: 7, Pages: 709 - 714

Swansea University Author: Mark Waldron

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 23rd February 2022

Abstract

ObjectivesThe aim of this investigation was to determine if acute or repeated applications of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) could enhance the recovery process, following exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD).DesignRandomized control trial.MethodsTwenty-three healthy males were familiarised with the...

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Published in: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
ISSN: 1440-2440
Published: Elsevier BV 2021
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa56310
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spelling 2021-06-09T11:56:57.5631728 v2 56310 2021-02-23 The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage 70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa 0000-0002-2720-4615 Mark Waldron Mark Waldron true false 2021-02-23 STSC ObjectivesThe aim of this investigation was to determine if acute or repeated applications of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) could enhance the recovery process, following exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD).DesignRandomized control trial.MethodsTwenty-three healthy males were familiarised with the muscle damaging protocol (five sets of 20 drop jumps from a 0.6 m box) and randomly allocated to one of three groups: SHAM (3 x 5 min at 20 mmHg), Acute IPC (3 x 5 min at 220 mmHg) and Repeated IPC (3 days x 3 x 5 min at 220 mmHg). The indices of muscle damage measured included creatine kinase concentration ([CK]), thigh swelling, delayed onset muscle soreness, counter movement jumps (CMJ) and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC).ResultsBoth acute and repeated IPC improved recovery in MVIC versus SHAM. Repeated IPC led to a faster MVIC recovery at 48 h (101.5%) relative to acute IPC (92.6%) and SHAM (84.4%) (P <  0.05). Less swelling was found for both acute and repeated IPC vs. SHAM (P <  0.05) but no group effects were found for CMJ, soreness or [CK] responses (P >  0.05).ConclusionTaken together, repeated IPC can enhance recovery time of MVIC more than an acute application, and both reduce swelling following EIMD, relative to a SHAM condition. Journal Article Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 24 7 709 714 Elsevier BV 1440-2440 muscle function, ischemia, vascular occlusion, delayed onset muscle soreness, eccentric exercise 1 7 2021 2021-07-01 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.02.012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2021.02.012 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2021-06-09T11:56:57.5631728 2021-02-23T15:16:18.0328576 College of Engineering Sports Science Stephen D. Patterson 1 Rachael Swan 2 William Page 3 Moacir Marocolo 4 Owen Jeffries 5 Mark Waldron 0000-0002-2720-4615 6 Under embargo Under embargo 2021-02-23T15:18:28.3969688 Output 522816 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2022-02-23T00:00:00.0000000 ©2021 All rights reserved. All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (CC-BY-NC-ND) true eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
title The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
spellingShingle The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
Mark, Waldron
title_short The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
title_full The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
title_fullStr The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
title_full_unstemmed The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
title_sort The effect of acute and repeated ischemic preconditioning on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage
author_id_str_mv 70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa
author_id_fullname_str_mv 70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa_***_Mark, Waldron
author Mark, Waldron
author2 Stephen D. Patterson
Rachael Swan
William Page
Moacir Marocolo
Owen Jeffries
Mark Waldron
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
container_volume 24
container_issue 7
container_start_page 709
publishDate 2021
institution Swansea University
issn 1440-2440
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.02.012
publisher Elsevier BV
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2021.02.012
document_store_str 0
active_str 0
description ObjectivesThe aim of this investigation was to determine if acute or repeated applications of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) could enhance the recovery process, following exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD).DesignRandomized control trial.MethodsTwenty-three healthy males were familiarised with the muscle damaging protocol (five sets of 20 drop jumps from a 0.6 m box) and randomly allocated to one of three groups: SHAM (3 x 5 min at 20 mmHg), Acute IPC (3 x 5 min at 220 mmHg) and Repeated IPC (3 days x 3 x 5 min at 220 mmHg). The indices of muscle damage measured included creatine kinase concentration ([CK]), thigh swelling, delayed onset muscle soreness, counter movement jumps (CMJ) and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC).ResultsBoth acute and repeated IPC improved recovery in MVIC versus SHAM. Repeated IPC led to a faster MVIC recovery at 48 h (101.5%) relative to acute IPC (92.6%) and SHAM (84.4%) (P <  0.05). Less swelling was found for both acute and repeated IPC vs. SHAM (P <  0.05) but no group effects were found for CMJ, soreness or [CK] responses (P >  0.05).ConclusionTaken together, repeated IPC can enhance recovery time of MVIC more than an acute application, and both reduce swelling following EIMD, relative to a SHAM condition.
published_date 2021-07-01T04:11:53Z
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