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The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective

Davide De Battisti

Journal of Ecology, Volume: 109, Issue: 9, Pages: 3133 - 3146

Swansea University Author: Davide De Battisti

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Abstract

Coastal ecosystems provide important services to human population, such as nurseries for fish, carbon storage and coastal protection. However, the pressure faced by these systems due to global changes will strongly challenge the capacity of coastal ecosystems to persist. Therefore, it is crucial to...

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Published in: Journal of Ecology
ISSN: 0022-0477 1365-2745
Published: Wiley 2021
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa56391
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spelling 2021-10-29T17:01:39.7208697 v2 56391 2021-03-10 The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective dda80a3c7c8b7fe4af0f4bbd8eb91f15 Davide De Battisti Davide De Battisti true false 2021-03-10 SBI Coastal ecosystems provide important services to human population, such as nurseries for fish, carbon storage and coastal protection. However, the pressure faced by these systems due to global changes will strongly challenge the capacity of coastal ecosystems to persist. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the resilience of coastal ecosystems.Here, I propose that combining a resilience framework based on ecosystem properties with the functional trait response–effect framework would allow researchers and managers to quantify the resilience of coastal ecosystems. I place emphasis on salt marsh and sand dunes because of the higher availability of studies for these systems.First, I introduce the resilience framework based on ecosystem properties and, second, I show how adopting a functional trait perspective in this framework would allow researchers to link how environmental changes influence ecosystem properties. In turn, measuring the changes in ecosystem properties would allow researchers to measure the resilience of the system.Synthesis. I reviewed several types of disturbances (e.g. storms and sea-level rise) that are threatening the persistence of coastal ecosystems, with an emphasis on salt marshes and sand dunes. Applying this resilience framework reveals, for instance, that the same suite of traits (e.g. plant density and stiffness) increase marsh resistance to multiple threats (e.g. storms and sea-level rise); yet, these traits vary along environmental gradients (e.g. along estuaries) and, therefore, the resilience of marshes vary accordingly. Overall, this framework would allow researchers to gather crucial insights on the resilience of coastal ecosystems and to set reference marks for measuring their resilience under environmental changes. Journal Article Journal of Ecology 109 9 3133 3146 Wiley 0022-0477 1365-2745 climate change; Coastal ecosystems; environmental gradients; functional traits; plant economic spectrum; recovery; resistance; sea level rise 15 9 2021 2021-09-15 10.1111/1365-2745.13641 COLLEGE NANME Biosciences COLLEGE CODE SBI Swansea University SU Library paid the OA fee (TA Institutional Deal) Wiley TA deal; This work was supported by the Welsh Government and HEFCW through the 384 Sêr Cymru National Research Network for Low Carbon, Energy and Environment RESILCOAST Project 2021-10-29T17:01:39.7208697 2021-03-10T15:57:50.5116254 College of Science Biosciences Davide De Battisti 1 56391__20096__c2f85295c9ab404d8961c04e60e2c8ed.pdf 56391.VOR.pdf 2021-06-09T11:34:17.0349685 Output 2744756 application/pdf Version of Record true Distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-ND) License. true eng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode
title The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
spellingShingle The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
Davide De Battisti
title_short The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
title_full The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
title_fullStr The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
title_full_unstemmed The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
title_sort The resilience of coastal ecosystems: A functional trait‐based perspective
author_id_str_mv dda80a3c7c8b7fe4af0f4bbd8eb91f15
author_id_fullname_str_mv dda80a3c7c8b7fe4af0f4bbd8eb91f15_***_Davide De Battisti
author Davide De Battisti
author2 Davide De Battisti
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Ecology
container_volume 109
container_issue 9
container_start_page 3133
publishDate 2021
institution Swansea University
issn 0022-0477
1365-2745
doi_str_mv 10.1111/1365-2745.13641
publisher Wiley
college_str College of Science
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Biosciences{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Biosciences
document_store_str 1
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description Coastal ecosystems provide important services to human population, such as nurseries for fish, carbon storage and coastal protection. However, the pressure faced by these systems due to global changes will strongly challenge the capacity of coastal ecosystems to persist. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the resilience of coastal ecosystems.Here, I propose that combining a resilience framework based on ecosystem properties with the functional trait response–effect framework would allow researchers and managers to quantify the resilience of coastal ecosystems. I place emphasis on salt marsh and sand dunes because of the higher availability of studies for these systems.First, I introduce the resilience framework based on ecosystem properties and, second, I show how adopting a functional trait perspective in this framework would allow researchers to link how environmental changes influence ecosystem properties. In turn, measuring the changes in ecosystem properties would allow researchers to measure the resilience of the system.Synthesis. I reviewed several types of disturbances (e.g. storms and sea-level rise) that are threatening the persistence of coastal ecosystems, with an emphasis on salt marshes and sand dunes. Applying this resilience framework reveals, for instance, that the same suite of traits (e.g. plant density and stiffness) increase marsh resistance to multiple threats (e.g. storms and sea-level rise); yet, these traits vary along environmental gradients (e.g. along estuaries) and, therefore, the resilience of marshes vary accordingly. Overall, this framework would allow researchers to gather crucial insights on the resilience of coastal ecosystems and to set reference marks for measuring their resilience under environmental changes.
published_date 2021-09-15T04:11:57Z
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