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Graphene based electrochemical immunosensor for the ultra-sensitive label free detection of Alzheimer's beta amyloid peptides Aβ(1–42) / Hina. Y. Abbasi; Zari Tehrani; Anitha Devadoss; Muhammad Munem Ali; Soraya Moradi-Bachiller; Diego Albani; Owen Guy

Nanoscale Advances

Swansea University Authors: Zari, Tehrani, Anitha, Devadoss, Owen, Guy

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DOI (Published version): 10.1039/d0na00801j

Abstract

An immunosensor capable of high sensitivity detection of beta-amyloid peptides, shown to be a reliable biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, has been developed using screen printed graphene electrodes (SPGEs) modified with ultra-thin layers of polymerised 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (pDAN). Electropoly...

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Published in: Nanoscale Advances
ISSN: 2516-0230
Published: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) 2021
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa56469
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Abstract: An immunosensor capable of high sensitivity detection of beta-amyloid peptides, shown to be a reliable biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, has been developed using screen printed graphene electrodes (SPGEs) modified with ultra-thin layers of polymerised 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (pDAN). Electropolymerization of 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (DAN) was performed to coat the graphene screen printed electrodes in a continuous polymer layer with controlled thickness. The surface characteristics of pristine graphene and polymer modified graphene electrodes were examined using Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The effects of polymer thickness on the electron transfer rates were investigated. An immunosensor for selective detection of beta amyloid peptides Aβ(1–42) was developed via biofunctionalization of the pDAN modified SPGE with the anti-beta amyloid antibody used as the peptide bioreceptor. The immunosensor has been used for specific detection of Aβ(1–42) with a linear range of 1 pg mL−1 to 1000 pg mL−1 and showed 1.4 pg mL−1 and 4.25 pg mL−1 detection and quantification limit, respectively. The biosensor was further validated for the analysis of spiked human plasma. The immunosensor enables rapid, accurate, precise, reproducible and highly sensitive detection of Aβ(1–42) using a low-cost SPGE platform, which opens the possibilities for diagnostic ex vivo applications and research-based real time studies.
College: College of Engineering