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Quantum field-theoretic machine learning / Gert Aarts; Dimitrios Bachtis; Biagio Lucini

Physical Review D, Volume: 103

Swansea University Authors: Gert, Aarts, Dimitrios, Bachtis, Biagio, Lucini

DOI (Published version): 10.1103/PhysRevD.103.074510

Abstract

We derive machine learning algorithms from discretized Euclidean field theories, making inference and learning possible within dynamics described by quantum field theory. Specifically, we demonstrate that the ϕ4 scalar field theory satisfies the Hammersley-Clifford theorem, therefore recasting it as...

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Published in: Physical Review D
Published: American Physical Society 2021
Online Access: https://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.103.074510
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa56753
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Abstract: We derive machine learning algorithms from discretized Euclidean field theories, making inference and learning possible within dynamics described by quantum field theory. Specifically, we demonstrate that the ϕ4 scalar field theory satisfies the Hammersley-Clifford theorem, therefore recasting it as a machine learning algorithm within the mathematically rigorous framework of Markov random fields. We illustrate the concepts by minimizing an asymmetric distance between the probability distribution of the ϕ4 theory and that of target distributions, by quantifying the overlap of statistical ensembles between probability distributions and through reweighting to complex-valued actions with longer-range interactions. Neural network architectures are additionally derived from the ϕ4 theory which can be viewed as generalizations of conventional neural networks and applications are presented. We conclude by discussing how the proposal opens up a new research avenue, that of developing a mathematical and computational framework of machine learning within quantum field theory.
Keywords: lattice field theory, artificial neural networks, probability theory
College: College of Science