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The rôle of English war captains in England and Normandy. / Anne Elizabeth Mary Marshall

Abstract

This thesis is intended as an investigation of the background and careers of the English captains who fought in Normandy at the end of the Hundred Years’ war. Its particular aim is to study the captains who made up the councils and retinues of the two principal contestants in the 'Wars of the R...

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Published: Swansea University 2021
Institution: Swansea University
Supervisor: R.A. Griffiths
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa57124
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Abstract: This thesis is intended as an investigation of the background and careers of the English captains who fought in Normandy at the end of the Hundred Years’ war. Its particular aim is to study the captains who made up the councils and retinues of the two principal contestants in the 'Wars of the Roses', Richard, duke of York and Edmund, duke of Somerset. Although the documentation is incomplete, especially with respect to the Beauforts, an attempt has been made to trace the part played by the English captains in the civil wars. A comparison is made of the king's lieutenants in Normandy(1436-50) and a brief account given of the role of politics in their appointment (CHAPTER I). An examination follows of four English captains in the service of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick in Normandy and of their careers after the death or the earl in 1439 (CHAPTER II). The formation of the council and retinue of Richard, duke of York after his appointment to Normandy in 1436 is illustrated along with an account of the grants and offices bestowed upon the captains involved (CHAPI'ER III). An analysis of the muster-rolls for the army of Richard, duke of York in 1441 reveals the nature of his retinues in Normandy (CHAPTER lV). The careers of the Beaufort brothers who succeeded him is then given and an attempt made to investigate the captains and soldiers of their affinity (CHAPTER V). The muster-roll of the army of John, duke of Somerset in 1443 complements those of York's force in 1441; the loss of Normandy during the lieutenancy of Edmund, duke of Somerset was due in part to his inability to raise an army of distinction (CHAPTER VI). Finally, the consequences of the English army's return to England in 1450 are examined in relation to Cade's rebellion, while an attempt has been made to estimate the part pledged by English captains in the retinues of York and Somerset in the 1450s (CHAPTER VII). Some consideration of the link between the ending of the Hundred Years’ War and the outbreak of the 'War's of the Roses is offered as a CONCLUSION.
Item Description: Thesis (M.A.) - University College of Swansea, 1974. Retrospective Digitisation.
Keywords: Hundred Years War, England, Normandy.
College: College of Arts and Humanities