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A Comparison of Explanations Given by Explainable Artificial Intelligence Methods on Analysing Electronic Health Records / Jamie Duell, Xiuyi Fan, Bruce Burnett, Gert Aarts, Shang-Ming Zhou

2021 IEEE EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI)

Swansea University Authors: Xiuyi Fan, Gert Aarts

DOI (Published version): 10.1109/bhi50953.2021.9508618

Abstract

eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) aims to provide intelligible explanations to users. XAI algorithms such as SHAP, LIME and Scoped Rules compute feature importance for machine learning predictions. Although XAI has attracted much research attention, applying XAI techniques in healthcare to i...

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Published in: 2021 IEEE EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI)
Published: IEEE 2021
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa57694
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Abstract: eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) aims to provide intelligible explanations to users. XAI algorithms such as SHAP, LIME and Scoped Rules compute feature importance for machine learning predictions. Although XAI has attracted much research attention, applying XAI techniques in healthcare to inform clinical decision making is challenging. In this paper, we provide a comparison of explanations given by XAI methods as a tertiary extension in analysing complex Electronic Health Records (EHRs). With a large-scale EHR dataset, we compare features of EHRs in terms of their prediction importance estimated by XAI models. Our experimental results show that the studied XAI methods circumstantially generate different top features; their aberrations in shared feature importance merit further exploration from domain-experts to evaluate human trust towards XAI.
College: College of Science