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Role of hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha in cobalt nanoparticle induced cytotoxicity of human THP-1 macrophages / Wendy Francis, Sian-eleri Owens, Venkat Kanamarlapudi, Zhidao Xia
Biomaterials Translational, Volume: 2, Issue: 2, Pages: 143 - 150
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Cobalt is one of the main components of metal hip prostheses and cobalt nanoparticles (CoNPs) produced from wear cause inflammation, bone lyses and cytotoxicity at high concentrations. Cobalt ions mimic hypoxia in the presence of normal oxygen levels, and activate hypoxic signalling by stabilising h...
|Published in:||Biomaterials Translational|
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Cobalt is one of the main components of metal hip prostheses and cobalt nanoparticles (CoNPs) produced from wear cause inflammation, bone lyses and cytotoxicity at high concentrations. Cobalt ions mimic hypoxia in the presence of normal oxygen levels, and activate hypoxic signalling by stabilising hypoxia inducible transcription factor 1α (HIF1α). This study aimed to assess in vitro the functional role of HIF1α in CoNP induced cellular cytotoxicity. HIF1α, lysosomal pH, tumour necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β expression were analysed in THP-1 macrophages treated with CoNP (0, 10 and 100 μg/mL). HIF1α knock out assays were performed using small interfering RNA to assess the role of HIF1α in CoNP-induced cytotoxicity. Increasing CoNP concentration increased lysosomal activity and acidity in THP-1 macrophages. Higher doses of CoNP significantly reduced cell viability, stimulated caspase 3 activity and apoptosis. Reducing HIF1α activity increased the pro-inflammatory activity of tumour necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β, but had no significant impact on cellular cytotoxicity. This suggests that whilst CoNP promotes cytotoxicity and cellular inflammation, the apoptotic mechanism is not dependent on HIF1α.
cobalt nanoparticle, cytotoxicity, hypoxia inducible factor, macrophages, TNFα
Swansea University Medical School