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The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home / MICHAEL SHELDRICK

Swansea University Author: MICHAEL SHELDRICK

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DOI (Published version): 10.23889/SUthesis.58523

Abstract

Increasing children’s physical activity (PA) and reducing their sedentary behaviour are considered important preventative measures for obesity and several other health risk factors in children. Given children spend significant time at home, an improved understanding of these behaviours in the home e...

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Published: Swansea 2021
Institution: Swansea University
Degree level: Doctoral
Degree name: Ph.D
Supervisor: Stratton, Gareth ; Mackintosh, Kelly ; Griffiths, Lucy
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58523
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first_indexed 2021-11-01T16:25:30Z
last_indexed 2021-11-03T04:27:19Z
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spelling 2021-11-02T10:07:01.7805025 v2 58523 2021-11-01 The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home 3705aa7528eaf1c9c4a4a196903adc5a MICHAEL SHELDRICK MICHAEL SHELDRICK true false 2021-11-01 Increasing children’s physical activity (PA) and reducing their sedentary behaviour are considered important preventative measures for obesity and several other health risk factors in children. Given children spend significant time at home, an improved understanding of these behaviours in the home environment would provide invaluable insight for interventions. Therefore, the overarching aim of this thesis was to provide new insight into how the home environment is related to children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour. Study 1 investigated the relationship between sufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (≥60 min·day–1) and excessive screen-time (≥2 h·day–1) with lifestyle factors in children, and found they were associated with healthy and unhealthy factors, respectively. This study highlighted the importance of meeting PA and screen-time recommendations in relation to important health-related lifestyle factors, which is of concern, as few children were shown to meet such recommendations. Identifying the correlates of children’s behaviours is an important stage in intervention development, therefore studies 2-5 focussed on improving understanding of children’s PA and sedentary behaviour at home. Study 2 demonstrated the validity and reliability of HomeSPACE-II, a novel instrument for measuring physical factors that influence children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour. Using HomeSPACE-II, study 3 showed that the physical home environment is related to children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour. Given the established influence of social and individual factors on children’s behaviour and their confounding effects in study 3, study 4 investigated the influence of social and individual factors on: (i) children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour, and; (ii) the home physical environment. Study 4 revealed that parental and child activity preferences and priorities, as well as parental rules were associated with children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour and the physical home environment. Study 5 found clusters of social and physical factors at home, which were associated with children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour as well as background characteristics in the expected directions. E-Thesis Swansea Home, House, Physical activity, Sedentary behaviour, Sedentary time, Children, Family, Correlates 1 11 2021 2021-11-01 10.23889/SUthesis.58523 ORCiD identifier https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3597-3542 COLLEGE NANME COLLEGE CODE Swansea University Stratton, Gareth ; Mackintosh, Kelly ; Griffiths, Lucy Doctoral Ph.D A Zienkiewicz scholarship from Swansea University 2021-11-02T10:07:01.7805025 2021-11-01T16:02:47.0670032 College of Engineering Sports Science MICHAEL SHELDRICK 1 58523__21389__708e3379bc754ed8978e63532883ed3c.pdf Sheldrick_Michael_P_R_PhD_Thesis_Final_Redacted_Signature.pdf 2021-11-01T16:26:47.4064087 Output 9221873 application/pdf E-Thesis – open access true Copyright: The author, Michael Peter Rustat Sheldrick, 2021. true eng
title The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
spellingShingle The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
MICHAEL SHELDRICK
title_short The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
title_full The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
title_fullStr The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
title_full_unstemmed The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
title_sort The relationship between the home environment and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour at home
author_id_str_mv 3705aa7528eaf1c9c4a4a196903adc5a
author_id_fullname_str_mv 3705aa7528eaf1c9c4a4a196903adc5a_***_MICHAEL SHELDRICK
author MICHAEL SHELDRICK
author2 MICHAEL SHELDRICK
format E-Thesis
publishDate 2021
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.23889/SUthesis.58523
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
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description Increasing children’s physical activity (PA) and reducing their sedentary behaviour are considered important preventative measures for obesity and several other health risk factors in children. Given children spend significant time at home, an improved understanding of these behaviours in the home environment would provide invaluable insight for interventions. Therefore, the overarching aim of this thesis was to provide new insight into how the home environment is related to children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour. Study 1 investigated the relationship between sufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (≥60 min·day–1) and excessive screen-time (≥2 h·day–1) with lifestyle factors in children, and found they were associated with healthy and unhealthy factors, respectively. This study highlighted the importance of meeting PA and screen-time recommendations in relation to important health-related lifestyle factors, which is of concern, as few children were shown to meet such recommendations. Identifying the correlates of children’s behaviours is an important stage in intervention development, therefore studies 2-5 focussed on improving understanding of children’s PA and sedentary behaviour at home. Study 2 demonstrated the validity and reliability of HomeSPACE-II, a novel instrument for measuring physical factors that influence children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour. Using HomeSPACE-II, study 3 showed that the physical home environment is related to children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour. Given the established influence of social and individual factors on children’s behaviour and their confounding effects in study 3, study 4 investigated the influence of social and individual factors on: (i) children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour, and; (ii) the home physical environment. Study 4 revealed that parental and child activity preferences and priorities, as well as parental rules were associated with children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour and the physical home environment. Study 5 found clusters of social and physical factors at home, which were associated with children’s home-based PA and sedentary behaviour as well as background characteristics in the expected directions.
published_date 2021-11-01T04:15:15Z
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