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Symmetry Detection and Analysis of Chinese Paifang Using 3D Point Clouds

Ting On Chan, Yeran Sun, Jiayong Yu, Juan Zeng, Lixin Liu

Symmetry, Volume: 13, Issue: 11, Start page: 2011

Swansea University Author: Yeran Sun

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/sym13112011

Abstract

The Chinese paifang is an essential constituent element for Chinese or many other oriental architectures. In this paper, a new method for detection and analysis of the reflection symmetry of the paifang based on 3D point clouds is proposed. The method invokes a new model to simultaneously fit two ve...

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Published in: Symmetry
ISSN: 2073-8994
Published: MDPI AG 2021
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58592
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Abstract: The Chinese paifang is an essential constituent element for Chinese or many other oriental architectures. In this paper, a new method for detection and analysis of the reflection symmetry of the paifang based on 3D point clouds is proposed. The method invokes a new model to simultaneously fit two vertical planes of symmetry to the 3D point cloud of a paifang to support further symmetry analysis. Several simulated datasets were used to verify the proposed method. The results indicated that the proposed method was able to quantity the symmetry of a paifang in terms of the RMSE obtained from the ICP algorithm, with resistance to the presence of some random noise added to the simulated measurements. For real datasets, three old Chinese paifangs (with ages from 90 to 500 years) were scanned as point clouds to input into the proposed method. The method quantified the degree of symmetry for the three Chinese paifangs in terms of the RMSE, which ranged from 20 to 61 mm. One of the paifangs with apparent asymmetry had the highest RMSE (61 mm). Other than the quantification of the symmetry of the paifangs, the proposed method could also locate which portion of the paifang was relatively more symmetric. The proposed method can potentially be used for structural health inspection and cultural studies of the Chinese paifangs and some other similar architecture.
Keywords: symmetry; paifang; point cloud; geometric modeling
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51978675) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 42106180).
Issue: 11
Start Page: 2011