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Multi-Objective Optimization of Electric Arc Furnace Using the Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II
IEEE Access, Volume: 9, Pages: 149715 - 149731
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Combining classical technologies with modern intelligent algorithms, this paper introduces a new approach for the optimisation and modelling of the EAF-based steel-making process based on a multi-objective optimisation using evolutionary computing and machine learning. Using a large amount of real-w...
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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Combining classical technologies with modern intelligent algorithms, this paper introduces a new approach for the optimisation and modelling of the EAF-based steel-making process based on a multi-objective optimisation using evolutionary computing and machine learning. Using a large amount of real-world historical data containing 6423 consecutive EAF heats collected from a melt shop in an established steel plant this work not only creates machine learning models for both EAF and ladle furnaces but also simultaneously minimises the total scrap cost and EAF energy consumption per ton of scrap. In the modelling process, several algorithms are tested, tuned, evaluated and compared before selecting Gradient Boosting as the best option to model the data analysed. A similar approach is followed for the selection of the multi-objective optimisation algorithm. For this task, six techniques are tested and compared based on the hypervolume performance indicator to just then select the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II ( NSGA-II ) as the best option. Given this applied research focus on a real manufacturing process, real-world constraints and variables such as individual scrap price, scrap availability, tap additives and ambient temperature are used in the models developed here. A comparison with an equivalent EAF model from the literature showed a 13% improvement using the mean absolute error in the EAF energy usage prediction as a comparative metric. The multi-objective optimisation resulted in reductions in the energy consumption costs that ranged from 1.87% up to 8.20% among different steel grades and scrap cost reductions ranging from 1.15% up to 5.2%. The machine learning models and the optimiser were ultimately deployed with a graphical user interface allowing the melt-shop staff members to make informed decisions while controlling the EAF operation.
Faculty of Science and Engineering