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Fast‐converging robust PR‐P controller designed by using symmetrical pole placement method for current control of interleaved buck converter‐based PV emulator
Energy Science & Engineering, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, Pages: 155 - 176
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In this study, the interleaved buck converter-based photovoltaic (PV) emulator current control is presented. A proportional-resonant-proportional (PR-P) controller is designed to resolve the drawbacks of conventional PI controllers in terms of phase management, which means balancing currents evenly...
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In this study, the interleaved buck converter-based photovoltaic (PV) emulator current control is presented. A proportional-resonant-proportional (PR-P) controller is designed to resolve the drawbacks of conventional PI controllers in terms of phase management, which means balancing currents evenly between active phases to avoid thermally stressing and provide optimal ripple cancelation in the presence of parameter uncertainties. The resonant path of the controller (PR) with a constant proportional unity gain is designed considering the changing dynamics of a notch filter by pole placement method (adding mutually complementary poles to the notch transfer function) at PWM switching frequency. The proportional gain path (P) of the controller is used to determine the compatibility of the controller with parameter uncertainty of the phases and designed by utilizing loop-shaping method. The proposed controller shows superior performance in terms of 10 times faster-converging transient response, zero steady-state error with significant reduction in current ripple. Equal load sharing that constitutes the primary concern in multiphase converters is achieved with the proposed controller. Implementing of robust control theory involving comprehensive time and frequency domain analysis reveals 13% improvement in the robust stability margin and 12-degree bigger phase toleration with the PR-P controller. In addition to these, the proposed unconventional design process of the controller reduces the computational complexity and provides cost-effectiveness and simple implementation. Moreover, implementing of auxiliary resistor-capacitor (RC) circuits parallel with the inductors to sense the current in each phase removes the need for current measurement sensors that contribute to overall cost of the system.
auxiliary resistor-capacitor (RC) circuit; interleaved buck converter; lossless current sensing; proportional-resonant-proportional (PR-P) current controller; PV emulator (PVE); state-space average modelling
College of Engineering
This work was supported in part by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the FLEXIS Project