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Effects of eddy shocklets on the segregation and evaporation of droplets in highly compressible shear layers
AIP Advances, Volume: 9, Issue: 12, Start page: 125101
Swansea University Author: Zhaoxin Ren
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Numerical studies of droplet-laden spatially developing shear layers are conducted with a high convective Mach number (Mc = 1.0), in which a high-order hybrid weighted essentially nonoscillatory scheme is used for the turbulence as well as shock capturing. The evaporating droplets are tracked as poi...
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Numerical studies of droplet-laden spatially developing shear layers are conducted with a high convective Mach number (Mc = 1.0), in which a high-order hybrid weighted essentially nonoscillatory scheme is used for the turbulence as well as shock capturing. The evaporating droplets are tracked as point mass in the Lagrangian manner, and the two-way coupling between the flow and droplets is considered by adding the source terms to the governing equations of the gas-phase. This research focuses on the preferential concentration of droplets and the interactions between droplets and eddy shocklets in the shear layers with high flow compressibility and analyzes the underlying mechanisms of momentum and thermal response behaviors of droplets to eddy shocklets. The segregation of droplets exhibits the strongest spatial preference in the highly compressible shearing vortices, and droplets tend to accumulate as stripes behind the shocklets, associated with the coherent structures. The high flow compressibility results in the strong spatiotemporal variations of pressure and temperature, and the distributions of the expansion zones with low temperature and the compression zones with high temperature occur alternately in the shear layer. The relaxation response behaviors of the droplets to the change of momentum and thermal features of the surrounding carrier gas result in the delay of droplet evaporation in the high temperature region and then the enhancement of droplet-vapors in the low temperature region. The present observations can be ascribed to the interactions between the dispersed droplets and the distributed eddy shocklets in the shear flows with high compressibility.
Faculty of Science and Engineering
This research was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51676111, 51806179, and NSAF.U1730104), the project funded by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the National Science and Technology Major Project (No. 2017-III-0005-0030).