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Understanding Performance Limiting Interfacial Recombination in pin Perovskite Solar Cells
Advanced Energy Materials, Volume: 12, Issue: 12, Start page: 2103567
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Perovskite semiconductors are an attractive option to overcome the limitations of established silicon based photovoltaic (PV) technologies due to their exceptional opto‐electronic properties and their successful integration into multijunction cells. However, the performance of single‐ and multijunct...
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Perovskite semiconductors are an attractive option to overcome the limitations of established silicon based photovoltaic (PV) technologies due to their exceptional opto‐electronic properties and their successful integration into multijunction cells. However, the performance of single‐ and multijunction cells is largely limited by significant nonradiative recombination at the perovskite/organic electron transport layer junctions. In this work, the cause of interfacial recombination at the perovskite/C60 interface is revealed via a combination of photoluminescence, photoelectron spectroscopy, and first‐principle numerical simulations. It is found that the most significant contribution to the total C60‐induced recombination loss occurs within the first monolayer of C60, rather than in the bulk of C60 or at the perovskite surface. The experiments show that the C60 molecules act as deep trap states when in direct contact with the perovskite. It is further demonstrated that by reducing the surface coverage of C60, the radiative efficiency of the bare perovskite layer can be retained. The findings of this work pave the way toward overcoming one of the most critical remaining performance losses in perovskite solar cells.
C 60, defects, interface recombination, loss mechanisms, perovskites, solar cells
Faculty of Science and Engineering
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Grant Numbers: SURPRISE 423749265, HIPSTER 424709669;
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. Grant Numbers: P3T-HOPE, 03EE1017C;
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation