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Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning

Gemma Cameron, Daniel Zuj, Simon Dymond Orcid Logo, Martyn Quigley

Learning and Motivation, Volume: 78, Start page: 101805

Swansea University Authors: Gemma Cameron, Daniel Zuj, Simon Dymond Orcid Logo, Martyn Quigley

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 9th April 2023

Abstract

Avoidance is an adaptive response to actual or perceived threat. However, persistent avoidance despite low likelihood of threat can become maladaptive and prevent effective psychological treatment. To examine behavioural avoidance, in-person, lab-based threat learning paradigms are typically used wi...

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Published in: Learning and Motivation
ISSN: 0023-9690
Published: Elsevier BV 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa59787
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first_indexed 2022-04-10T19:55:25Z
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spelling 2022-05-09T15:41:16.4585752 v2 59787 2022-04-10 Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning 0689d6e6f7f63ed20ffe78cea9c07646 Gemma Cameron Gemma Cameron true false e4ea88775fc5b3764aa6322a2285a582 Daniel Zuj Daniel Zuj true false 8ed0024546f2588fdb0073a7d6fbc075 0000-0003-1319-4492 Simon Dymond Simon Dymond true false 45ba0b00b12b2a4cd533dcd42f0121d9 Martyn Quigley Martyn Quigley true false 2022-04-10 HPS Avoidance is an adaptive response to actual or perceived threat. However, persistent avoidance despite low likelihood of threat can become maladaptive and prevent effective psychological treatment. To examine behavioural avoidance, in-person, lab-based threat learning paradigms are typically used with relatively small sample sizes. However, such methods pose issues when in-person testing is difficult. The aim of the current study was therefore to adapt a validated lab-based threat and avoidance conditioning paradigm into an online avoidance learning task to investigate threat expectancy and avoidance remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online fear and avoidance learning task was developed and administered to 119 participants who differed in the opportunity to avoid a safe stimulus. Fear and avoidance conditioning were successful and the opportunity to avoid a known safe stimulus increased threat expectancy and fear for the experimental group, relative to the control group. Such remote delivery paradigms may therefore be useful when evaluating changes in fear and avoidance. Journal Article Learning and Motivation 78 101805 Elsevier BV 0023-9690 online avoidance learning task; remote delivery; anxiety; threat; safety 1 5 2022 2022-05-01 10.1016/j.lmot.2022.101805 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University 2022-05-09T15:41:16.4585752 2022-04-10T20:48:06.0714237 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology Gemma Cameron 1 Daniel Zuj 2 Simon Dymond 0000-0003-1319-4492 3 Martyn Quigley 4 Under embargo Under embargo 2022-05-09T15:39:04.5939808 Output 496563 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2023-04-09T00:00:00.0000000 ©2022 All rights reserved. All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (CC-BY-NC-ND) true eng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
title Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
spellingShingle Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
Gemma Cameron
Daniel Zuj
Simon Dymond
Martyn Quigley
title_short Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
title_full Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
title_fullStr Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
title_full_unstemmed Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
title_sort Remote, online assessment of avoidance learning
author_id_str_mv 0689d6e6f7f63ed20ffe78cea9c07646
e4ea88775fc5b3764aa6322a2285a582
8ed0024546f2588fdb0073a7d6fbc075
45ba0b00b12b2a4cd533dcd42f0121d9
author_id_fullname_str_mv 0689d6e6f7f63ed20ffe78cea9c07646_***_Gemma Cameron
e4ea88775fc5b3764aa6322a2285a582_***_Daniel Zuj
8ed0024546f2588fdb0073a7d6fbc075_***_Simon Dymond
45ba0b00b12b2a4cd533dcd42f0121d9_***_Martyn Quigley
author Gemma Cameron
Daniel Zuj
Simon Dymond
Martyn Quigley
author2 Gemma Cameron
Daniel Zuj
Simon Dymond
Martyn Quigley
format Journal article
container_title Learning and Motivation
container_volume 78
container_start_page 101805
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
issn 0023-9690
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.lmot.2022.101805
publisher Elsevier BV
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
document_store_str 0
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description Avoidance is an adaptive response to actual or perceived threat. However, persistent avoidance despite low likelihood of threat can become maladaptive and prevent effective psychological treatment. To examine behavioural avoidance, in-person, lab-based threat learning paradigms are typically used with relatively small sample sizes. However, such methods pose issues when in-person testing is difficult. The aim of the current study was therefore to adapt a validated lab-based threat and avoidance conditioning paradigm into an online avoidance learning task to investigate threat expectancy and avoidance remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online fear and avoidance learning task was developed and administered to 119 participants who differed in the opportunity to avoid a safe stimulus. Fear and avoidance conditioning were successful and the opportunity to avoid a known safe stimulus increased threat expectancy and fear for the experimental group, relative to the control group. Such remote delivery paradigms may therefore be useful when evaluating changes in fear and avoidance.
published_date 2022-05-01T04:17:12Z
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score 10.8881445