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Gambling problems among United Kingdom armed forces veterans: Associations with gambling motivation and posttraumatic stress disorder

Glen Dighton Orcid Logo, Katie Wood Orcid Logo, Cherie Armour Orcid Logo, Matt Fossey Orcid Logo, Lee Hogan Orcid Logo, Neil Kitchiner Orcid Logo, Justyn Larcombe, Robert D. Rogers Orcid Logo, Simon Dymond Orcid Logo

International Gambling Studies, Pages: 1 - 22

Swansea University Author: Simon Dymond Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Military service, mental health, and gambling activities and motivations as predictors of problem gambling in a sample of UK AF veterans. Age-and-gender matched veterans (n = 1,037) and non-veterans (n = 1,148) completed an online survey of problem gambling, gambling motivation, mental health (depre...

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Published in: International Gambling Studies
ISSN: 1445-9795 1479-4276
Published: Informa UK Limited 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa59880
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Abstract: Military service, mental health, and gambling activities and motivations as predictors of problem gambling in a sample of UK AF veterans. Age-and-gender matched veterans (n = 1,037) and non-veterans (n = 1,148) completed an online survey of problem gambling, gambling motivation, mental health (depression and anxiety), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Past year problem gambling rates were higher in veterans compared to non-veterans. Veteran status predicted increased problem gambling risk. The relationship between problem gambling and gambling to cope with distress was significantly stronger among veterans. Veterans experiencing PTSD and complex PTSD (C-PTSD) were at increased risk of problem gambling. Overall, the present, findings contribute further international evidence that veterans are a population vulnerable to problem gambling. Veterans with PTSD or C-PTSD are most at-risk and may engage in problematic gambling to escape/avoid distress. Routine screening for gambling problems should be undertaken with current and former military personnel, and further research is needed on the interplay between gambling motivation and veterans’ mental health.
Keywords: Gambling; veterans; mental health; trauma; motivation; escape/avoidance
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Funders: Forces in Mind Trust
Start Page: 1
End Page: 22