No Cover Image

E-Thesis 33 views 18 downloads

The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series / ELIZA ULLERSPERGER

Swansea University Author: ELIZA ULLERSPERGER

  • Ullersperger_Eliza_O_MSc_Research_Thesis_Final_Redacted_Signature.pdf

    PDF | E-Thesis – open access

    Copyright: The author, Eliza Olive Ullersperger, 2022.

    Download (1.08MB)

Abstract

Introduction: Analysing and quantifying movement demands using global positioning systems (GPS) traditionally uses fixed-time epochs (FIXED). However, research has indicated FIXED underestimates movement demands versus rolling averages (ROLL). Rugby sevens athletes are also exposed to travel and cli...

Full description

Published: Swansea 2022
Institution: Swansea University
Degree level: Master of Research
Degree name: MSc by Research
Supervisor: Kilduff, Liam ; Waldron, Mark
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa59924
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
first_indexed 2022-04-29T12:22:56Z
last_indexed 2022-04-30T03:30:56Z
id cronfa59924
recordtype RisThesis
fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2022-04-29T13:37:00.4240186</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>59924</id><entry>2022-04-29</entry><title>The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>1f7177137b6b21f6b4ce4cce014384ea</sid><firstname>ELIZA</firstname><surname>ULLERSPERGER</surname><name>ELIZA ULLERSPERGER</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2022-04-29</date><abstract>Introduction: Analysing and quantifying movement demands using global positioning systems (GPS) traditionally uses fixed-time epochs (FIXED). However, research has indicated FIXED underestimates movement demands versus rolling averages (ROLL). Rugby sevens athletes are also exposed to travel and climatic demands during the World Rugby Sevens Series, which research has reported to affect performance. Methods:This study compared; FIXED vs. ROLL, to quantify worst-case scenarios and analysed travel and climatic impacts on movement demands. 18 male England Rugby Sevens players wore 10 Hz GPS units during 52 games, with peak values of relative total distance (RTD) and relative high-speed running (&gt;5 m.s-1; RHSR) recorded over 60-420 s using FIXED and ROLL epochs. Travel (duration, direction, time zones crossed) and climatic data (temperature, relative humidity, humidex) were collected and analysed against whole game relative distance and peak 1, 3 and 5-minute RTD and RHSR. Results:For each epoch, there was a difference between methods (60-420 s) (p &lt; 0.001), with RTD and RHSR values decreasing as epoch length increased. FIXED always underestimated ROLL at each epoch for RTD (10-12%) and RHSR (12-20%). Whole game relative distance increased for temperature, relative humidity, and travel direction West (p &lt; 0.05), and decreased following travel direction East and humidex (p &lt; 0.05). Peak 5-minute RTD increased following travel direction West and relative humidity (p &lt; 0.05) and decreased following travel Eastward (p &lt; 0.05). Travel and climate did not significantly affect peak 1 and 3-minute RTD and peak 1, 3 and 5-minute RHSR. Conclusion:This is the first study in rugby sevens reporting an underestimation of the worst-case scenario using FIXED vs ROLL epochs. Information on the worst-case scenario is an important component in formulating training prescription. Travel and climatic factors can also influence performance, which may be independent of the effects on the worst-case scenario.</abstract><type>E-Thesis</type><journal/><volume/><journalNumber/><paginationStart/><paginationEnd/><publisher/><placeOfPublication>Swansea</placeOfPublication><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint/><issnElectronic/><keywords>Global Positioning System, rugby sevens, rugby, worst-case scenario, climate, travel, GPS</keywords><publishedDay>27</publishedDay><publishedMonth>4</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2022</publishedYear><publishedDate>2022-04-27</publishedDate><doi/><url/><notes>ORCiD identifier: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0252-2828</notes><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><supervisor>Kilduff, Liam ; Waldron, Mark</supervisor><degreelevel>Master of Research</degreelevel><degreename>MSc by Research</degreename><apcterm/><lastEdited>2022-04-29T13:37:00.4240186</lastEdited><Created>2022-04-29T13:16:41.6634311</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Sports Science</level></path><authors><author><firstname>ELIZA</firstname><surname>ULLERSPERGER</surname><order>1</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>59924__23934__9aa73cec30cd431f98886d74db67044f.pdf</filename><originalFilename>Ullersperger_Eliza_O_MSc_Research_Thesis_Final_Redacted_Signature.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2022-04-29T13:31:57.3877166</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>1132737</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>E-Thesis &#x2013; open access</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><documentNotes>Copyright: The author, Eliza Olive Ullersperger, 2022.</documentNotes><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2022-04-29T13:37:00.4240186 v2 59924 2022-04-29 The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series 1f7177137b6b21f6b4ce4cce014384ea ELIZA ULLERSPERGER ELIZA ULLERSPERGER true false 2022-04-29 Introduction: Analysing and quantifying movement demands using global positioning systems (GPS) traditionally uses fixed-time epochs (FIXED). However, research has indicated FIXED underestimates movement demands versus rolling averages (ROLL). Rugby sevens athletes are also exposed to travel and climatic demands during the World Rugby Sevens Series, which research has reported to affect performance. Methods:This study compared; FIXED vs. ROLL, to quantify worst-case scenarios and analysed travel and climatic impacts on movement demands. 18 male England Rugby Sevens players wore 10 Hz GPS units during 52 games, with peak values of relative total distance (RTD) and relative high-speed running (>5 m.s-1; RHSR) recorded over 60-420 s using FIXED and ROLL epochs. Travel (duration, direction, time zones crossed) and climatic data (temperature, relative humidity, humidex) were collected and analysed against whole game relative distance and peak 1, 3 and 5-minute RTD and RHSR. Results:For each epoch, there was a difference between methods (60-420 s) (p < 0.001), with RTD and RHSR values decreasing as epoch length increased. FIXED always underestimated ROLL at each epoch for RTD (10-12%) and RHSR (12-20%). Whole game relative distance increased for temperature, relative humidity, and travel direction West (p < 0.05), and decreased following travel direction East and humidex (p < 0.05). Peak 5-minute RTD increased following travel direction West and relative humidity (p < 0.05) and decreased following travel Eastward (p < 0.05). Travel and climate did not significantly affect peak 1 and 3-minute RTD and peak 1, 3 and 5-minute RHSR. Conclusion:This is the first study in rugby sevens reporting an underestimation of the worst-case scenario using FIXED vs ROLL epochs. Information on the worst-case scenario is an important component in formulating training prescription. Travel and climatic factors can also influence performance, which may be independent of the effects on the worst-case scenario. E-Thesis Swansea Global Positioning System, rugby sevens, rugby, worst-case scenario, climate, travel, GPS 27 4 2022 2022-04-27 ORCiD identifier: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0252-2828 COLLEGE NANME COLLEGE CODE Swansea University Kilduff, Liam ; Waldron, Mark Master of Research MSc by Research 2022-04-29T13:37:00.4240186 2022-04-29T13:16:41.6634311 College of Engineering Sports Science ELIZA ULLERSPERGER 1 59924__23934__9aa73cec30cd431f98886d74db67044f.pdf Ullersperger_Eliza_O_MSc_Research_Thesis_Final_Redacted_Signature.pdf 2022-04-29T13:31:57.3877166 Output 1132737 application/pdf E-Thesis – open access true Copyright: The author, Eliza Olive Ullersperger, 2022. true eng
title The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
spellingShingle The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
ELIZA ULLERSPERGER
title_short The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
title_full The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
title_fullStr The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
title_full_unstemmed The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
title_sort The use of GPS to analyse the worst-case scenario of movement demands using fixed epochs versus rolling averages and the impact of climate and travel on the male England Rugby Sevens team during the World Rugby Sevens Series
author_id_str_mv 1f7177137b6b21f6b4ce4cce014384ea
author_id_fullname_str_mv 1f7177137b6b21f6b4ce4cce014384ea_***_ELIZA ULLERSPERGER
author ELIZA ULLERSPERGER
author2 ELIZA ULLERSPERGER
format E-Thesis
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
college_str College of Engineering
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Introduction: Analysing and quantifying movement demands using global positioning systems (GPS) traditionally uses fixed-time epochs (FIXED). However, research has indicated FIXED underestimates movement demands versus rolling averages (ROLL). Rugby sevens athletes are also exposed to travel and climatic demands during the World Rugby Sevens Series, which research has reported to affect performance. Methods:This study compared; FIXED vs. ROLL, to quantify worst-case scenarios and analysed travel and climatic impacts on movement demands. 18 male England Rugby Sevens players wore 10 Hz GPS units during 52 games, with peak values of relative total distance (RTD) and relative high-speed running (>5 m.s-1; RHSR) recorded over 60-420 s using FIXED and ROLL epochs. Travel (duration, direction, time zones crossed) and climatic data (temperature, relative humidity, humidex) were collected and analysed against whole game relative distance and peak 1, 3 and 5-minute RTD and RHSR. Results:For each epoch, there was a difference between methods (60-420 s) (p < 0.001), with RTD and RHSR values decreasing as epoch length increased. FIXED always underestimated ROLL at each epoch for RTD (10-12%) and RHSR (12-20%). Whole game relative distance increased for temperature, relative humidity, and travel direction West (p < 0.05), and decreased following travel direction East and humidex (p < 0.05). Peak 5-minute RTD increased following travel direction West and relative humidity (p < 0.05) and decreased following travel Eastward (p < 0.05). Travel and climate did not significantly affect peak 1 and 3-minute RTD and peak 1, 3 and 5-minute RHSR. Conclusion:This is the first study in rugby sevens reporting an underestimation of the worst-case scenario using FIXED vs ROLL epochs. Information on the worst-case scenario is an important component in formulating training prescription. Travel and climatic factors can also influence performance, which may be independent of the effects on the worst-case scenario.
published_date 2022-04-27T04:17:26Z
_version_ 1737028058360053760
score 10.88812