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A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects

Jacqueline Pirhofer, Johannes Bükki, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Manela Glarcher, Piret Paal

BMC Nursing, Volume: 21, Issue: 1

Swansea University Author: Mojtaba Vaismoradi

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Abstract

BackgroundCultural safety requires healthcare professionals and organisations to improve healthcare, facilitate patient access to healthcare, and achieve equity within the workforce.MethodsThis ethnomethodological study, which consisted of two phases, explored the concept of cultural safety from the...

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Published in: BMC Nursing
ISSN: 1472-6955
Published: Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa60380
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Semi-structured interviews and the nominal group technique were used to prioritise challenges related to cultural safety, identify barriers to clinical practise and assess educational needs. The data collected was subjected to thematic analysis.ResultsNurses working in Austria, Germany and Switzerland were recruited (N = 29). Accordingly, the phenomenon of cultural safety in health care is not generally known and there is little prior knowledge about it. The most frequently discussed themes were communication difficulties, lack of knowledge, the treatment of people with insufficient language skills and expectations of treatment goals and outcomes, which can lead to conflicts and accusations of unequal treatment due to diverse cultural backgrounds.ConclusionDiverse cultures are encountered in German-speaking healthcare settings. Cultural safety is also about healthcare staff, as nurses with different socialisations encounter prejudice, discrimination and racism. Although the issue of power was not discussed, academic nurses were willing to make an effort to change. Only a minority were aware that lasting change requires challenging one’s own cultural structures and adapted behaviours, rather than pushing for the mere acquisition of cultural competence. 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spelling v2 60380 2022-07-05 A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069 Mojtaba Vaismoradi Mojtaba Vaismoradi true false 2022-07-05 FGMHL BackgroundCultural safety requires healthcare professionals and organisations to improve healthcare, facilitate patient access to healthcare, and achieve equity within the workforce.MethodsThis ethnomethodological study, which consisted of two phases, explored the concept of cultural safety from the perspective of Advanced Practice Nurses. Semi-structured interviews and the nominal group technique were used to prioritise challenges related to cultural safety, identify barriers to clinical practise and assess educational needs. The data collected was subjected to thematic analysis.ResultsNurses working in Austria, Germany and Switzerland were recruited (N = 29). Accordingly, the phenomenon of cultural safety in health care is not generally known and there is little prior knowledge about it. The most frequently discussed themes were communication difficulties, lack of knowledge, the treatment of people with insufficient language skills and expectations of treatment goals and outcomes, which can lead to conflicts and accusations of unequal treatment due to diverse cultural backgrounds.ConclusionDiverse cultures are encountered in German-speaking healthcare settings. Cultural safety is also about healthcare staff, as nurses with different socialisations encounter prejudice, discrimination and racism. Although the issue of power was not discussed, academic nurses were willing to make an effort to change. Only a minority were aware that lasting change requires challenging one’s own cultural structures and adapted behaviours, rather than pushing for the mere acquisition of cultural competence. Organisations were encouraged to introduce self-reflection sessions and provide better access to translation services to improve equity and support nurses. Journal Article BMC Nursing 21 1 Springer Science and Business Media LLC 1472-6955 Cultural safety; Nursing; Power; Healthcare; Discrimination; Equity; Caregiving 4 7 2022 2022-07-04 10.1186/s12912-022-00960-9 Availability of data and materials: The anonymous data and the analysis process used in this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. COLLEGE NANME Medicine, Health and Life Science - Faculty COLLEGE CODE FGMHL Swansea University Not Required The authors received no fnancial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. The open access fee was paid by Parcelsus Medical University in Salzburg, Austria. 2022-07-13T12:26:40.5881350 2022-07-05T07:42:44.1360545 College of Human and Health Sciences Nursing Jacqueline Pirhofer 1 Johannes Bükki 2 Mojtaba Vaismoradi 3 Manela Glarcher 4 Piret Paal 5 60380__24446__366180a390484b9dbbdb33f70a32ea73.pdf s12912-022-00960-9.pdf 2022-07-05T07:45:45.0204080 Output 1284883 application/pdf Version of Record true © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License true eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
spellingShingle A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
Mojtaba Vaismoradi
title_short A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
title_full A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
title_fullStr A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
title_full_unstemmed A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
title_sort A qualitative exploration of cultural safety in nursing from the perspectives of Advanced Practice Nurses: meaning, barriers, and prospects
author_id_str_mv b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069
author_id_fullname_str_mv b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069_***_Mojtaba Vaismoradi
author Mojtaba Vaismoradi
author2 Jacqueline Pirhofer
Johannes Bükki
Mojtaba Vaismoradi
Manela Glarcher
Piret Paal
format Journal article
container_title BMC Nursing
container_volume 21
container_issue 1
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
issn 1472-6955
doi_str_mv 10.1186/s12912-022-00960-9
publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Nursing{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Nursing
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description BackgroundCultural safety requires healthcare professionals and organisations to improve healthcare, facilitate patient access to healthcare, and achieve equity within the workforce.MethodsThis ethnomethodological study, which consisted of two phases, explored the concept of cultural safety from the perspective of Advanced Practice Nurses. Semi-structured interviews and the nominal group technique were used to prioritise challenges related to cultural safety, identify barriers to clinical practise and assess educational needs. The data collected was subjected to thematic analysis.ResultsNurses working in Austria, Germany and Switzerland were recruited (N = 29). Accordingly, the phenomenon of cultural safety in health care is not generally known and there is little prior knowledge about it. The most frequently discussed themes were communication difficulties, lack of knowledge, the treatment of people with insufficient language skills and expectations of treatment goals and outcomes, which can lead to conflicts and accusations of unequal treatment due to diverse cultural backgrounds.ConclusionDiverse cultures are encountered in German-speaking healthcare settings. Cultural safety is also about healthcare staff, as nurses with different socialisations encounter prejudice, discrimination and racism. Although the issue of power was not discussed, academic nurses were willing to make an effort to change. Only a minority were aware that lasting change requires challenging one’s own cultural structures and adapted behaviours, rather than pushing for the mere acquisition of cultural competence. Organisations were encouraged to introduce self-reflection sessions and provide better access to translation services to improve equity and support nurses.
published_date 2022-07-04T12:26:39Z
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