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Lithium ferrite (Li0.5Fe2.5O4): synthesis, structural, morphological and magnetic evaluation for storage devices

Mukhtar Ahmad, Muhammad Shahid, Yousef Mohammed Alanazi Orcid Logo, Atiq ur Rehman Orcid Logo, Muahmmad Asif Orcid Logo, Charlie Dunnill Orcid Logo

Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Volume: 18, Pages: 3386 - 3395

Swansea University Author: Charlie Dunnill Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Lithium ferrite Li0.5Fe2.5O4 has been synthesized by the use of the sol–gel technique. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) has been employed to confirm the crystal structure of spinel ferrites. No impurity peaks are detected in XRD graph, which confirms single phase crystal structure. The evaluation of grain...

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Published in: Journal of Materials Research and Technology
ISSN: 2238-7854
Published: Elsevier BV 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa60974
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Abstract: Lithium ferrite Li0.5Fe2.5O4 has been synthesized by the use of the sol–gel technique. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) has been employed to confirm the crystal structure of spinel ferrites. No impurity peaks are detected in XRD graph, which confirms single phase crystal structure. The evaluation of grain size and analysis of external surface morphology of synthesized lithium ferrites has been done by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Average grain size was about equal to 131 nm. Energy dispersive x-ray spectra showed all the elements were present in required proportions. Magnetic characteristics such as saturation magnetization (Ms), remanence (Mr), and coercive force (Hc) have been measured from MH loops. Saturation magnetization has been measured to be 43.69 emu/by law of approach to saturation. The coercivity value lies in the range of few hundred Oersted which is vital condition for electromagnetic materials. Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) measurements were made, to know about the electrochemical performance of the material. CV results show that with the increase in scan rate specific capacitance decreases and the area of the loop increases which is promising for the formation of super capacitors and lithium-ion batteries (LIB's).
Keywords: Lithium-ion batteries; Lithium ferrites; Structural parameter; Magnetic properties; CV measurements
College: College of Engineering
Funders: The authors would like to acknowledge Researcher's Supporting Project Number (RSP2022R511), King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Start Page: 3386
End Page: 3395