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Optimal Power Management of Interconnected Microgrids Using Virtual Inertia Control Technique

Mahmoud Elshenawy Orcid Logo, Ashraf Fahmy Abdo, Adel Elsamahy, Shaimaa. A. Kandil, Helmy M. El Zoghby Orcid Logo

Energies, Volume: 15, Issue: 19, Start page: 7026

Swansea University Author: Ashraf Fahmy Abdo

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/en15197026

Abstract

Two interconnected AC microgrids are proposed based on three renewable energy sources (RESs): wind, solar, and biogas. The wind turbine drives a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). A solar photovoltaic system (SPVS) with an appropriate inverter was incorporated. The biogas genset (BG) con...

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Published in: Energies
ISSN: 1996-1073
Published: MDPI AG 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa61349
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Abstract: Two interconnected AC microgrids are proposed based on three renewable energy sources (RESs): wind, solar, and biogas. The wind turbine drives a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). A solar photovoltaic system (SPVS) with an appropriate inverter was incorporated. The biogas genset (BG) consists of a biogas engine coupled with a synchronous generator. Two interconnected AC microgrids, M1 and M2, were considered for study in this work. The microgrid M2 is connected to a diesel engine (DE) characterized by a continuous power supply. The distribution power loss of the interconnected AC microgrids comprises in line loss. The M1 and M2 losses are modeled as an objective function (OF). The power quality enhancement of the interconnected microgrids will be achieved by minimizing this OF. This research also created a unique frequency control method called virtual inertia control (VIC), which stabilizes the microgrid frequency using an optimal controller. In this paper, the following five controllers are studied: a proportional integral controller (PI), a fractional order PI controller (FOPI), a fuzzy PI controller (FPI), a fuzzy fractional order PI controller (FFOPI), and a VIC based on FFOPI controller. The five controllers were tuned using particle swarm optimization (PSO) to minimize the (OF). The main contribution of this paper is the comprehensive study of the performance of interconnected AC microgrids under step load disturbances, stepn changes in wind/solar input power, and eventually grid following/forming contingencies as well as the virtual inertia control of renewable energy resources used in the structure of the microgrids
Keywords: contingency of power system; energy storage system (ESS); fuzzy fractional order PI (FFOPI); fuzzy PI (FPI); multi-objective optimization; microgrid; power quality enhancement; particle swarm optimization (PSO); virtual inertia control
College: College of Engineering
Funders: Swansea University, Faculty of Science and Engineering. Astute Wales project (Advanced Sustainable Manufacturing Technologies) part-funded by the European Regional Development Fund through the Welsh Government and the participating Higher Education Institutions under grant number APCFSE11.
Issue: 19
Start Page: 7026