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Moving Forward: Understanding Correlates of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour during COVID-19 in Children and Adolescents—An Integrative Review and Socioecological Approach

Rachel Knight, Melitta McNarry Orcid Logo, Adam Runacres, James Shelley, Liba Sheeran, Kelly Mackintosh Orcid Logo

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume: 19, Issue: 3, Start page: 1044

Swansea University Authors: Rachel Knight, Melitta McNarry Orcid Logo, Adam Runacres, James Shelley, Kelly Mackintosh Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/ijerph19031044

Abstract

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic restrictions have negatively impacted physical activity (PA) and sedentary time/behaviour. This integrative review systematically explored the socioecological factors that impacted and influenced these movement behaviours in children and adolescents...

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Published in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1660-4601
Published: MDPI AG 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa61451
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Abstract: Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic restrictions have negatively impacted physical activity (PA) and sedentary time/behaviour. This integrative review systematically explored the socioecological factors that impacted and influenced these movement behaviours in children and adolescents during the pandemic. Five electronic databases were systematically searched in January 2021, with data extracted from 16 articles (n = 18,352; 5–17 years; 12 countries). Risk-of-bias was assessed using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool (MMAT), with correlates identified, coded, and themed via thematic analysis. A socioecological model of during-pandemic PA and sedentary time/ behaviour was conceptualised and mapped to the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation, andBehaviour (COM-B) model of behaviour-change mechanisms, illustrating influences over five levels: Individual (biological)—age and sex; Individual (psychological)—mental health, and cognition,motivation, and behaviour; Social—family factors, and structured support; Environmental—area of residence and resources; and Policy—COVID-19-related rules. For sedentary time/behaviour,individual-(age and sex), social-(family factors) and policy-(COVID-19-related rules) level factors may be important correlates. There were no age or sex associations with PA levels, though there was some indication that sedentary time/behaviour increased with age. Interventions seeking to enhance young people’s movement behaviours during periods of enforced restrictions should focus on enhancing opportunities on a social and environmental level.
Keywords: Physical inactivity; youth; coronavirus; young people; sedentary time; movement behaviours; SARS-CoV-2; determinants; COM-B model; behaviour change
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Funders: Funding was received from Sport Wales, as part of a COVID-19 contingency fund, which enabled the appointment of the research assistant (first author) who conducted this review
Issue: 3
Start Page: 1044