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Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy

Francisco G. Calvo-Flores, Francisco Martin-Martinez Orcid Logo

Frontiers in Chemistry, Volume: 10

Swansea University Author: Francisco Martin-Martinez Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Climate change, socioeconomical pressures, and new policy and legislation are driving a decarbonization process across industries, with a critical shift from a fossil-based economy toward a biomass-based one. This new paradigm implies not only a gradual phasing out of fossil fuels as a source of ene...

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Published in: Frontiers in Chemistry
ISSN: 2296-2646
Published: Frontiers Media SA 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa62119
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first_indexed 2022-12-05T10:45:51Z
last_indexed 2023-01-13T19:23:22Z
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spelling 2023-01-09T16:04:53.1327654 v2 62119 2022-12-05 Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy a5907aac618ec107662c888f6ead0e4a 0000-0001-7149-5512 Francisco Martin-Martinez Francisco Martin-Martinez true false 2022-12-05 CHEM Climate change, socioeconomical pressures, and new policy and legislation are driving a decarbonization process across industries, with a critical shift from a fossil-based economy toward a biomass-based one. This new paradigm implies not only a gradual phasing out of fossil fuels as a source of energy but also a move away from crude oil as a source of platform chemicals, polymers, drugs, solvents and many other critical materials, and consumer goods that are ubiquitous in our everyday life. If we are to achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, crude oil must be substituted by renewable sources, and in this evolution, biorefineries arise as the critical alternative to traditional refineries for producing fuels, chemical building blocks, and materials out of non-edible biomass and biomass waste. State-of-the-art biorefineries already produce cost-competitive chemicals and materials, but other products remain challenging from the economic point of view, or their scaled-up production processes are still not sufficiently developed. In particular, lignin’s depolymerization is a required milestone for the success of integrated biorefineries, and better catalysts and processes must be improved to prepare bio-based aromatic simple molecules. This review summarizes current challenges in biorefinery systems, while it suggests possible directions and goals for sustainable development in the years to come. Journal Article Frontiers in Chemistry 10 Frontiers Media SA 2296-2646 biomass valorisation, biorefineries, biotechnological platform, thermochemical platform, circular economy, lignin, biomass 10 11 2022 2022-11-10 10.3389/fchem.2022.973417 COLLEGE NANME Chemistry COLLEGE CODE CHEM Swansea University This work was supported by a project (FQM-176) financed by the Junta de Andalucía. FM-M, acknowledges the support from the Global Challenges Research Fund from Swansea University, and from the Royal Society of Chemistry Enablement Grant (E21-7051491439). 2023-01-09T16:04:53.1327654 2022-12-05T10:40:02.4069996 Faculty of Science and Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Chemistry Francisco G. Calvo-Flores 1 Francisco Martin-Martinez 0000-0001-7149-5512 2 62119__26016__740d8a15271b448299c6eb3c03fbeb11.pdf 62119.pdf 2022-12-05T10:44:31.0004139 Output 1971162 application/pdf Version of Record true © 2022 Calvo-Flores and MartinMartinez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) true eng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
spellingShingle Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
Francisco Martin-Martinez
title_short Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
title_full Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
title_fullStr Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
title_full_unstemmed Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
title_sort Biorefineries: Achievements and challenges for a bio-based economy
author_id_str_mv a5907aac618ec107662c888f6ead0e4a
author_id_fullname_str_mv a5907aac618ec107662c888f6ead0e4a_***_Francisco Martin-Martinez
author Francisco Martin-Martinez
author2 Francisco G. Calvo-Flores
Francisco Martin-Martinez
format Journal article
container_title Frontiers in Chemistry
container_volume 10
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
issn 2296-2646
doi_str_mv 10.3389/fchem.2022.973417
publisher Frontiers Media SA
college_str Faculty of Science and Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_top_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_parent_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
department_str School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Chemistry{{{_:::_}}}Faculty of Science and Engineering{{{_:::_}}}School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Chemistry
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description Climate change, socioeconomical pressures, and new policy and legislation are driving a decarbonization process across industries, with a critical shift from a fossil-based economy toward a biomass-based one. This new paradigm implies not only a gradual phasing out of fossil fuels as a source of energy but also a move away from crude oil as a source of platform chemicals, polymers, drugs, solvents and many other critical materials, and consumer goods that are ubiquitous in our everyday life. If we are to achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, crude oil must be substituted by renewable sources, and in this evolution, biorefineries arise as the critical alternative to traditional refineries for producing fuels, chemical building blocks, and materials out of non-edible biomass and biomass waste. State-of-the-art biorefineries already produce cost-competitive chemicals and materials, but other products remain challenging from the economic point of view, or their scaled-up production processes are still not sufficiently developed. In particular, lignin’s depolymerization is a required milestone for the success of integrated biorefineries, and better catalysts and processes must be improved to prepare bio-based aromatic simple molecules. This review summarizes current challenges in biorefinery systems, while it suggests possible directions and goals for sustainable development in the years to come.
published_date 2022-11-10T04:21:29Z
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