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Annual risk of falls resulting in emergency department and hospital attendances for older people: an observational study of 781,081 individuals living in Wales (United Kingdom) including deprivation, frailty and dementia diagnoses...
Age and Ageing, Volume: 51, Issue: 8
Swansea University Authors: Rebecca Pedrick-Case, Laura North, Rich Fry , Joe Hollinghurst
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DOI (Published version): 10.1093/ageing/afac176
Backgroundfalls are common in older people, but associations between falls, dementia and frailty are relatively unknown. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on falls admissions has not been studied.Aimto investigate the impact of dementia, frailty, deprivation, previous falls and the differences bet...
|Published in:||Age and Ageing|
Oxford University Press (OUP)
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Backgroundfalls are common in older people, but associations between falls, dementia and frailty are relatively unknown. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on falls admissions has not been studied.Aimto investigate the impact of dementia, frailty, deprivation, previous falls and the differences between years for falls resulting in an emergency department (ED) or hospital admission.Study Designlongitudinal cross-sectional observational study.Settingolder people (aged 65+) resident in Wales between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2020.Methodswe created a binary (yes/no) indicator for a fall resulting in an attendance to an ED, hospital or both, per person, per year. We analysed the outcomes using multilevel logistic and multinomial models.Resultswe analysed a total of 5,141,244 person years of data from 781,081 individuals. Fall admission rates were highest in 2012 (4.27%) and lowest in 2020 (4.27%). We found an increased odds ratio (OR [95% confidence interval]) of a fall admission for age (1.05 [1.05, 1.05] per year of age), people with dementia (2.03 [2.00, 2.06]) and people who had a previous fall (2.55 [2.51, 2.60]). Compared with fit individuals, those with frailty had ORs of 1.60 [1.58, 1.62], 2.24 [2.21, 2.28] and 2.94 [2.89, 3.00] for mild, moderate and severe frailty respectively. Reduced odds were observed for males (0.73 [0.73, 0.74]) and less deprived areas; most deprived compared with least OR 0.75 [0.74, 0.76].Conclusionsfalls prevention should be targeted to those at highest risk, and investigations into the reduction in admissions in 2020 is warranted.
falls, COVID-19, dementia, frailty, older people
Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences