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An enhanced momentum conservation treatment for FDM simulation of two-phase flows with large density ratio

Xin Wang Wang, Min Luo, Harshinie Karunarathna Orcid Logo, Dominic Reeve Orcid Logo

Journal of Computational Physics, Start page: 111949

Swansea University Authors: Xin Wang Wang, Harshinie Karunarathna Orcid Logo, Dominic Reeve Orcid Logo

Abstract

The differences of the fluid properties across a fluid interface in two-phase flow often brings difficulties into computational simulations, as the conservation of mass, momentum and energy requires more consideration at the interfacial region. Velocity advection and unsynchronised variables lead to...

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Published in: Journal of Computational Physics
ISSN: 0021-9991
Published: Elsevier BV
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa62378
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Abstract: The differences of the fluid properties across a fluid interface in two-phase flow often brings difficulties into computational simulations, as the conservation of mass, momentum and energy requires more consideration at the interfacial region. Velocity advection and unsynchronised variables lead to loss of conservation of momentum across the interface, which results in an unphysical interface deformation and spurious interfacial currents. In this study, we investigate the numerical errors and instabilities in the interfacial region, and propose a new algorithm with strong temporal coupling manner and momentum-based velocity reconstruction, to enhance the conservation properties. The capability of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated by two idealised cases including a one-dimensional convection case of a dense droplet and a standing wave case, and one laboratory dambreak case. Results are compared with theoretical results, experimental data or existing simulations, which demonstrate the advantages of the proposed algorithm on the conservation of mass, momentum and energy, and the mitigation of unphysical interfacial transport. Without modification of any numerical methods or discretization schemes, the algorithm keeps its simplicity and can work with the existing methods, and it is straightforward to implement.
Keywords: Two-phase flow; Momentum conservation; Fluid interface; Free surface; Computational methods; REEF3D
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Start Page: 111949