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Melanin thin-films: a perspective on optical and electrical properties

J. V. Paulin Orcid Logo, A. P. Coleone, A. Batagin-Neto Orcid Logo, Gregory Burwell Orcid Logo, Paul Meredith Orcid Logo, C. F. O. Graeff, Bernard Mostert Orcid Logo

Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Volume: 9, Issue: 26, Pages: 8345 - 8358

Swansea University Authors: Gregory Burwell Orcid Logo, Paul Meredith Orcid Logo, Bernard Mostert Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1039/d1tc01440d

Abstract

Melanins are an essential natural pigment found throughout nature. Due to their inherent biocompatibility, optical and electronic properties, the melanins are attracting attention as model materials for sustainable organic optoelectronic and bioelectronic applications. Standard melanin is notoriousl...

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Published in: Journal of Materials Chemistry C
ISSN: 2050-7526 2050-7534
Published: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) 2021
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa64649
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Abstract: Melanins are an essential natural pigment found throughout nature. Due to their inherent biocompatibility, optical and electronic properties, the melanins are attracting attention as model materials for sustainable organic optoelectronic and bioelectronic applications. Standard melanin is notoriously insoluble, which complicates processability considerably. Hence, the creation of synthetic derivatives that have similar optical–electronic properties but with increased solubility are avenues of active investigation. In this work, we investigate soluble non-functionalised (NF) and sulfonated (S) melanin derivatives. So far, these new synthetic derivatives’ optical and electrical properties have not been explored in full, which would allow their effective application in optoelectronic devices. Our optical results suggest that these materials have high refractive indices and also high dispersion and chromatic aberration. In addition, no significant differences in NF-melanin's charge transport deposited from pure water or aqueous ammonia solution were observed, and S-melanin's functional groups did not affect the hydration-dependence conductivity, only its sensitivity to environmental humidity. The similarities and differences in spectra and values comparing NF and S-melanin are discussed based on their structural differences.
Keywords: Melanins, thin-films, optoelectronic, bioelectronic
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Funders: São Paulo Research Foundation , National Council for Scientific and Technological Development , Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES). Welsh Government European Regional Development Fund European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program Welsh Government's Sêr Cymru II Capacity Builder Accelerator Program Welsh European Funding Office Swansea University Strategic Initiative in Sustainable Advanced Materials Center for Scientific Computing (NCC/GridUNESP) of the São Paulo State University (UNESP)
Issue: 26
Start Page: 8345
End Page: 8358