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Analysis of non-linear losses in a parallel plate thermoacoustic stack

Armando Di Meglio, Nicola Massarotti, Sam Rolland Orcid Logo, Perumal Nithiarasu Orcid Logo

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

Swansea University Authors: Sam Rolland Orcid Logo, Perumal Nithiarasu Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to analyse the non-linear losses of a porous media (stack) composed by parallel plates and inserted in a resonator tube in oscillatory flows by proposing numerical correlations between pressure gradient and velocity. Design/methodology/approach: The numerical correlations or...

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Published in: International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow
ISSN: 0961-5539 0961-5539
Published: Emerald
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa64795
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Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to analyse the non-linear losses of a porous media (stack) composed by parallel plates and inserted in a resonator tube in oscillatory flows by proposing numerical correlations between pressure gradient and velocity. Design/methodology/approach: The numerical correlations origin from computational fluid dynamics simulations, conducted at the microscopic scale, in which three fluid channels representing the porous media are taken into account. More specifically, for a specific frequency and stack porosity, the oscillating pressure input is varied, and the velocity and the pressure-drop are post-processed in the frequency domain (Fast Fourier Transform analysis). Findings: It emerges that the viscous component of pressure drop follows a quadratic trend with respect to velocity inside the stack, while the inertial component is linear also at high-velocity regimes. Furthermore, the non-linear coefficient b of the correlation ax + bx2 (related to the Forchheimer coefficient) is discovered to be dependent on frequency. The largest value of the b is found at low frequencies as the fluid particle displacement is comparable to the stack length. Furthermore, the lower the porosity the higher the Forchheimer term because the velocity gradients at the stack geometrical discontinuities are more pronounced. Originality/value: The main novelty of this work is that, for the first time, non-linear losses of a parallel plate stack are investigated from a macroscopic point of view and summarised into a non-linear correlation, similar to the steady-state and well-known Darcy–Forchheimer law. The main difference is that it considers the frequency dependence of both Darcy and Forchheimer terms. The results can be used to enhance the analysis and design of thermoacoustic devices, which use the kind of stacks studied in the present work.
Keywords: Porous media, parallel plate, oscillatory flows, Darcy-Forchheimer, thermoacoustics
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering