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The influence of energy density on the low cycle fatigue behaviour of laser powder bed fused stainless steel 316L

RORY DOUGLAS, William Beard, Nick Barnard, Seungjong Lee, Shuai Shao Orcid Logo, Nima Shamsaei, Thomas Jones, Robert Lancaster Orcid Logo

International Journal of Fatigue, Volume: 181, Start page: 108123

Swansea University Authors: RORY DOUGLAS, Nick Barnard, Robert Lancaster Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is an additive manufacturing (AM) process capable of single-step fabrication of intricate and complex structures. However, there are multiple engineering challenges associated with the introduction of AM based parts into functional industrial applications due to the la...

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Published in: International Journal of Fatigue
ISSN: 0142-1123 1879-3452
Published: Elsevier BV 2024
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa65414
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Abstract: Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is an additive manufacturing (AM) process capable of single-step fabrication of intricate and complex structures. However, there are multiple engineering challenges associated with the introduction of AM based parts into functional industrial applications due to the lack of understanding of the role that process parameters have on the structural integrity of additively manufactured (AM) components and the subsequent effect this has on the mechanical behaviour of such materials when subjected to cyclic loading conditions. The present work will investigate the low cycle fatigue (LCF) behaviour of LPBF stainless steel 316L components manufactured with different process parameters sets and how this effects the material built in different orientations and the resulting impact this has on the material’s resistance to cyclic deformation. The LCF results are supported by microstructural, fractographic and advanced surface profilometry assessments to investigate the key parameters that control the resulting fatigue performance across three different build orientations. Finally, the generated mechanical data has also been interpreted through empirical fatigue lifing models, and the various data sets have been successfully correlated to enable an estimation of longer fatigue lives.
Keywords: Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF), Low Cycle Fatigue (LCF), Stainless steel 316L, Energy density, Surface roughness, Build orientation
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Funders: The current research was funded under the EPSRC Industrial Case Award EP/T517537/1. The provision of a research bursary, materials, and supporting information from Rolls-Royce plc. is gratefully acknowledged.
Start Page: 108123