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Successes and failures in producing attentional object-based cueing effects / Irene, Reppa
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, Volume: 74, Issue: 1, Pages: 43 - 69
Swansea University Author: Irene, Reppa
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<p>Over 30 years of research using Posner’s spatial cueing paradigm has shown that selective attention operates on representations of spatial locations, leading to space-based theories of attention. Manipulations of stimuli and methods have shown this paradigm to be sensitive to severa...
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<p>Over 30 years of research using Posner’s spatial cueing paradigm has shown that selective attention operates on representations of spatial locations, leading to space-based theories of attention. Manipulations of stimuli and methods have shown this paradigm to be sensitive to several types of object-based representations—providing evidence for theories incorporating object-based attentional selection. This paper critically evaluates the evidence demanding object-based explanations that go beyond positing spatial representations alone, with an emphasis on identifying and interpreting successes and failures in obtaining object-based cueing effects. This overview of current evidence is used to generate hypotheses regarding critical factors in the emergence and influence of object representations—their generation, strength, and maintenance—in the modulation of object-based facilitatory and inhibitory cueing effects.</p>
<p>Originality: The paper presents a new hypothesis to explain and predict object-based spatial cueing effects, on the basis of a comprehensive evaluation of the literature.</p><p>Significance: It is the only paper in the field to offer this level of in-depth discussion, as well as to propose a new hypothesis that predicts the emergence of object-based cueing effects in future studies. The journal's editor-in-chief described this paper as "...the definitive encyclopedic reference on the question of object-based facilitation and IOR for some time to come".</p><p>Rigour: The output offers a review of over 160 papers in the field, and catalogs the methodological details and resulting space-based and object-based cueing effects for every reported experiment on object-based attention.</p>
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