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Monte Carlo simulation of monolayer graphene at nonzero temperature / Wesley Armour; Simon Hands; Costas Strouthos

Physical Review B

Swansea University Author: Simon, Hands

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DOI (Published version): 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075123

Abstract

We present results from lattice simulations of a monolayer graphene model at non-zero temperature. At low temperatures for sufficiently strong coupling the model develops an excitonic condensate of particle-hole pairs corresponding to an insulating phase. The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase tr...

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Published in: Physical Review B
Published: 2011
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa7070
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Abstract: We present results from lattice simulations of a monolayer graphene model at non-zero temperature. At low temperatures for sufficiently strong coupling the model develops an excitonic condensate of particle-hole pairs corresponding to an insulating phase. The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition temperature is associated with the value of the coupling where the critical exponent delta governing the response of the order parameter at criticality to an external source has a value close to 15. The critical coupling on a lattice with temporal extent N_t=32 (T=1/(N_t a_t) where a_t is the temporal lattice spacing) and spatial extent N_s=64 is very close to infinite coupling. The value of the transition temperature normalized with the zero temperature fermion mass gap Delta_0 is given by T_BKT/Delta_0=0.055(2). This value provides an upper bound on the transition temperature, because simulations closer to the continuum limit where the full U(4) symmetry is restored may result in an even lower value. In addition, we measured the helicity modulus Upsilon and the fermion thermal mass Delta_T(T), the later providing evidence for a pseudogap phase with Delta_T>0 extending to arbitrarily high T.
College: College of Science