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Word association in L1 and L2: An exploratory study of response types, response times, and interlingual mediation / Tess, Fitzpatrick; Cristina, Izura

Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Volume: 33, Issue: 03, Pages: 373 - 398

Swansesa University Authors: Tess, Fitzpatrick, Tess, Fitzpatrick, Cristina, Izura

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Abstract

Word association responses in fi rst-language (L1) Spanish and secondlanguage(L2) English were investigated by means of responselatencies and types of associative response produced. The primaryaims were to establish whether (a) some response types are producedmore often or faster than others, (b) pa...

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Published in: Studies in Second Language Acquisition
ISSN: 0272-2631 1470-1545
Published: 2011
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa10050
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Abstract: Word association responses in fi rst-language (L1) Spanish and secondlanguage(L2) English were investigated by means of responselatencies and types of associative response produced. The primaryaims were to establish whether (a) some response types are producedmore often or faster than others, (b) participants’ L2 responsetime profi les mirror those of their L1, and (c) participants’ L2 associationresponses are mediated by their L1 and modulated by profi -ciency. Results indicate that responses are faster when a doubleassociation link is produced—that is, when the response is associatedby form and meaning ( postman → postbox ) or meaning andcollocation ( spider → web ). L2 response time profi les broadly mirrorthose of the L1, although L2 times are generally slower. A signifi cantpriming effect from L1 translation equivalents of cues used in theL2 association task was observed, suggesting L1 mediation in theproduction of L2 associative responses. Findings are discussed inlight of the revised hierarchical model (Kroll & Stewart, 1994). Newapproaches to modeling and understanding the bilingual lexicon arealso suggested.
Keywords: Word association, reaction times, revised hierarchical model
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 03
Start Page: 373
End Page: 398