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Shoshenq I and biblical Šîšaq: A philological defense of their traditional equation / Troy Leiland Sagrillo

Solomon and Shishak: Current perspectives from archaeology, epigraphy, history and chronology, Pages: 61 - 81

Swansea University Author: Sagrillo, Troy

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Abstract

Since the late 1980s, as part of proposals to lower the conventional chronology of pharaonic Egypt by one to three hundred years, a number of scholars have identified biblical Šîšaq (1 Kings 11:40, 14:25; 2 Chronicles 12:2-9) with Ramesses II or III, rather than the conventional Shoshenq I, on the b...

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Published in: Solomon and Shishak: Current perspectives from archaeology, epigraphy, history and chronology
Published: Oxford Archaeopress 2015
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa13642
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Abstract: Since the late 1980s, as part of proposals to lower the conventional chronology of pharaonic Egypt by one to three hundred years, a number of scholars have identified biblical Šîšaq (1 Kings 11:40, 14:25; 2 Chronicles 12:2-9) with Ramesses II or III, rather than the conventional Shoshenq I, on the basis of rare hypocoristica for ‘Ramesses’, ssysw, ssw, and ss. Without addressing the chronological issues, this paper examines this proposed re-identification from a philological perspective, concluding that the proposal to identify biblical Šîšaq with any king named ‘Ramesses’ is unwarranted and implausible.
Item Description: British Archaeological Reports (International Series) 2732
Keywords: Third Intermediate Period, ancient Egypt, chronology, Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies, Shoshenq I, Dynasty 22, Shishak
College: College of Arts and Humanities
Start Page: 61
End Page: 81