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The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales / Vanessa Burholt

Environment and Planning A, Volume: 44, Issue: 12, Pages: 2901 - 2921

Swansea University Author: Burholt, Vanessa

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DOI (Published version): 10.1068/a4543

Abstract

Previously I have used qualitative data to develop a four-domain (physical, social, temporal, and psychological) model of attachment to place for older people in rural areas. Drawing on data for 920 older people (60+ years) living in rural areas of South West England and Wales, and utilising items d...

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Published in: Environment and Planning A
ISSN: 0308-518X 1472-3409
Published: 2012
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa13686
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spelling 2015-05-11T09:11:47Z v2 13686 2012-12-13 The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales Vanessa Burholt Vanessa Burholt true 0000-0002-6789-127X false cf7fe9863906cd54df5b0a99904d535e 20538a9f7c0294b0f16aa3738c857b0e aEmZF4d9xPUZ2rdpEeaBNAgr5y2nBRz3haj4DmVVDsQ= 2012-12-13 HIA Previously I have used qualitative data to develop a four-domain (physical, social, temporal, and psychological) model of attachment to place for older people in rural areas. Drawing on data for 920 older people (60+ years) living in rural areas of South West England and Wales, and utilising items developed from the initial qualitative analysis to represent each domain empirically, this paper uses exploratory factor analysis to identify the underlying factor structure of place attachment for older people in these rural areas. It examines the match between the resulting factor structure and an a priori conceptualisation of place attachment. I develop subscales and an overall scale of place attachment and tests for reliability and rating scaling assumptions (content validity). Using principal axis factoring three factors are identified: social attachment, aesthetic attachment, and appropriateness of resources and the environment. The three factors account for 23.5%, 11.6%, and 6.4% of the variance and good internal reliability is demonstrated (Cronbach’sα 0.71, 0.72, and 0.72). The analysis suggests that this is a psychometrically reliable and valid instrument fit for the purpose of measuring attachment to place for older people in rural areas. However, further psychometric evaluations with other samples are required to confirm the model structure, and to develop a fourth domain representing an historical attachment to place. Journal article Environment and Planning A 44 12 2901 2921 0308-518X 1472-3409 England and Wales, place attachment, scale development, rural areas, ageing population, person–environment fit 0 0 2012 2012-01-01 10.1068/a4543 College of Human and Health Sciences Centre for Innovative Ageing CHHS HIA Centre for Innovative Ageing None 2015-05-11T09:11:47Z 2012-12-13T14:05:28Z College of Human and Health Sciences Centre for Innovative Ageing Vanessa Burholt 1
title The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
spellingShingle The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
Burholt, Vanessa
title_short The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
title_full The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
title_fullStr The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
title_full_unstemmed The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
title_sort The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales
author_id_str_mv cf7fe9863906cd54df5b0a99904d535e
author_id_fullname_str_mv cf7fe9863906cd54df5b0a99904d535e_***_Burholt, Vanessa
author Burholt, Vanessa
author2 Vanessa Burholt
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publishDate 2012
institution Swansea University
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doi_str_mv 10.1068/a4543
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department_str Centre for Innovative Ageing{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Centre for Innovative Ageing
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description Previously I have used qualitative data to develop a four-domain (physical, social, temporal, and psychological) model of attachment to place for older people in rural areas. Drawing on data for 920 older people (60+ years) living in rural areas of South West England and Wales, and utilising items developed from the initial qualitative analysis to represent each domain empirically, this paper uses exploratory factor analysis to identify the underlying factor structure of place attachment for older people in these rural areas. It examines the match between the resulting factor structure and an a priori conceptualisation of place attachment. I develop subscales and an overall scale of place attachment and tests for reliability and rating scaling assumptions (content validity). Using principal axis factoring three factors are identified: social attachment, aesthetic attachment, and appropriateness of resources and the environment. The three factors account for 23.5%, 11.6%, and 6.4% of the variance and good internal reliability is demonstrated (Cronbach’sα 0.71, 0.72, and 0.72). The analysis suggests that this is a psychometrically reliable and valid instrument fit for the purpose of measuring attachment to place for older people in rural areas. However, further psychometric evaluations with other samples are required to confirm the model structure, and to develop a fourth domain representing an historical attachment to place.
published_date 2012-01-01T14:27:55Z
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