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The influence of body weight on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in pre-pubertal children during moderate- and heavy intensity treadmill exercise
European Journal of Applied Physiology, Volume: 113, Issue: 8, Pages: 1947 - 1955
Swansea University Author: Melitta McNarry
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DOI (Published version): 10.1007/s00421-013-2625-8
To assess the influence of obesity on the oxygen uptake (V˙O2) kinetics of pre-pubertal children during moderate- and heavy intensity treadmill exercise. We hypothesised that obese (OB) children would demonstrate significantly slower V˙O2 kinetics than their normal weight (NW) counterparts during mo...
|Published in:||European Journal of Applied Physiology|
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To assess the influence of obesity on the oxygen uptake (V˙O2) kinetics of pre-pubertal children during moderate- and heavy intensity treadmill exercise. We hypothesised that obese (OB) children would demonstrate significantly slower V˙O2 kinetics than their normal weight (NW) counterparts during moderate- and heavy intensity exercise. 18 OB (9.8 ± 0.5 years; 24.1 ± 2.0 kg m2) and 19 NW (9.7 ± 0.5 years; 17.6 ± 1.0 kg m2) children completed a graded-exercise test to volitional exhaustion and two submaximal constant work rate treadmill tests at moderate (90 % gas exchange threshold) and heavy (∆40 %) exercise intensities. Bodyweight significantly influenced the V˙O2 kinetics during both moderate- and heavy exercise intensities (P < 0.05). During moderate intensity exercise, the phase II τ (OB: 30 ± 13 cf. NW: 22 ± 7 s), mean response time (MRT; OB: 35 ± 16 cf. NW: 25 ± 10 s), phase II gain (OB: 156 ± 21 cf. NW: 111 ± 18 mLO2 kg−1 km−1) and oxygen deficit (OB: 0.36 ± 0.11 cf. NW: 0.20 ± 0.06 L) were significantly higher in the OB children (all P < 0.05). During heavy intensity exercise, the τ (OB: 33 ± 9 cf. NW: 27 ± 6 s; P < 0.05) and phase II gain (OB: 212 ± 61 cf. NW: 163 ± 23 mLO2 kg−1 km−1; P < 0.05) were similarly higher in the OB children. A slow component was observed in all participants during heavy intensity exercise, but was not influenced by weight status. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that weight status significantly influences the dynamic V˙O2 response at the onset of treadmill exercise in children and highlights that the deleterious effects of being obese are already manifest pre-puberty.
Paediatric; Oxygen uptake; Obese; Moderate intensity exercise; Heavy intensity exercise
Faculty of Science and Engineering