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Dreaming and insight / Christopher L. Edwards, Perrine M. Ruby, Josie E. Malinowski, Paul Bennett, Mark Blagrove

Frontiers in Psychology, Volume: 4, Issue: 979

Swansea University Authors: Paul Bennett, Mark Blagrove

DOI (Published version): 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00979

Abstract

This paper addresses claims that dreams can be a source of personal insight. Whereas there has been anecdotal backing for such claims, there is now tangential support from findings of the facilitative effect of sleep on cognitive insight, and of REM sleep in particular on emotional memory consolidat...

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Published in: Frontiers in Psychology
Published: 2013
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa17351
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spelling 2019-06-14T16:37:25.7044524 v2 17351 2014-02-22 Dreaming and insight 20803717bf274c582f30f80916c596d3 Paul Bennett Paul Bennett true false 8c78ee008e650b9f0a463bae56a5636c 0000-0002-9854-1854 Mark Blagrove Mark Blagrove true false 2014-02-22 HHC This paper addresses claims that dreams can be a source of personal insight. Whereas there has been anecdotal backing for such claims, there is now tangential support from findings of the facilitative effect of sleep on cognitive insight, and of REM sleep in particular on emotional memory consolidation. Furthermore, the presence in dreams of metaphorical representations of waking life indicates the possibility of novel insight as an emergent feature of such metaphorical mappings. In order to assess whether personal insight can occur as a result of the consideration of dream content, 11 dream group discussion sessions were conducted which followed the Ullman Dream Appreciation technique, one session for each of 11 participants (10 females, 1 male; mean age = 19.2 years). Self-ratings of deepened self-perception and personal gains from participation in the group sessions showed that the Ullman technique is an effective procedure for establishing connections between dream content and recent waking life experiences, although wake life sources were found for only 14% of dream report text. The mean Exploration-Insight score on the Gains from Dream Interpretation questionnaire was very high and comparable to outcomes from the well-established Hill (1996) therapist-led dream interpretation method. This score was associated between-subjects with pre-group positive Attitude Toward Dreams (ATD). The need to distinguish “aha” experiences as a result of discovering a waking life source for part of a dream, from “aha” experiences of personal insight as a result of considering dream content, is discussed. Difficulties are described in designing a control condition to which the dream report condition can be compared. Journal Article Frontiers in Psychology 4 979 24 12 2013 2013-12-24 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00979 Authors: Edwards CL, Ruby PM, Malinowski JE, Bennett PD and Blagrove MT COLLEGE NANME Human and Health Sciences Central COLLEGE CODE HHC Swansea University 2019-06-14T16:37:25.7044524 2014-02-22T14:13:16.4447175 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology Christopher L. Edwards 1 Perrine M. Ruby 2 Josie E. Malinowski 3 Paul Bennett 4 Mark Blagrove 0000-0002-9854-1854 5 0017351-18042015171413.pdf fpsyg-04-00979.pdf 2015-04-18T17:14:13.2800000 Output 500859 application/pdf Version of Record true 2015-04-18T00:00:00.0000000 true
title Dreaming and insight
spellingShingle Dreaming and insight
Paul, Bennett
Mark, Blagrove
title_short Dreaming and insight
title_full Dreaming and insight
title_fullStr Dreaming and insight
title_full_unstemmed Dreaming and insight
title_sort Dreaming and insight
author_id_str_mv 20803717bf274c582f30f80916c596d3
8c78ee008e650b9f0a463bae56a5636c
author_id_fullname_str_mv 20803717bf274c582f30f80916c596d3_***_Paul, Bennett
8c78ee008e650b9f0a463bae56a5636c_***_Mark, Blagrove
author Paul, Bennett
Mark, Blagrove
author2 Christopher L. Edwards
Perrine M. Ruby
Josie E. Malinowski
Paul Bennett
Mark Blagrove
format Journal article
container_title Frontiers in Psychology
container_volume 4
container_issue 979
publishDate 2013
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00979
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
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hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
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hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
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description This paper addresses claims that dreams can be a source of personal insight. Whereas there has been anecdotal backing for such claims, there is now tangential support from findings of the facilitative effect of sleep on cognitive insight, and of REM sleep in particular on emotional memory consolidation. Furthermore, the presence in dreams of metaphorical representations of waking life indicates the possibility of novel insight as an emergent feature of such metaphorical mappings. In order to assess whether personal insight can occur as a result of the consideration of dream content, 11 dream group discussion sessions were conducted which followed the Ullman Dream Appreciation technique, one session for each of 11 participants (10 females, 1 male; mean age = 19.2 years). Self-ratings of deepened self-perception and personal gains from participation in the group sessions showed that the Ullman technique is an effective procedure for establishing connections between dream content and recent waking life experiences, although wake life sources were found for only 14% of dream report text. The mean Exploration-Insight score on the Gains from Dream Interpretation questionnaire was very high and comparable to outcomes from the well-established Hill (1996) therapist-led dream interpretation method. This score was associated between-subjects with pre-group positive Attitude Toward Dreams (ATD). The need to distinguish “aha” experiences as a result of discovering a waking life source for part of a dream, from “aha” experiences of personal insight as a result of considering dream content, is discussed. Difficulties are described in designing a control condition to which the dream report condition can be compared.
published_date 2013-12-24T03:29:58Z
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