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Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice / , William Griffiths, Yuqin Wang

Biochemical Journal

Swansea University Authors: William Griffiths, Yuqin Wang

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DOI (Published version): 10.1042/BJ20130915

Abstract

Cholesterol is catabolized to bile acids by peroxisomal β-oxidation in which the side-chain of C27-bile acid intermediates is shortened by three carbon atoms to form mature C24-bile acids. Knock-out mouse models deficient in α-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (Amacr) or multifunctional enzyme type 2 (...

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Published in: Biochemical Journal
Published: 2014
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa17830
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first_indexed 2014-04-18T01:30:01Z
last_indexed 2019-09-24T19:18:08Z
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spelling 2019-09-24T16:07:45.8226127 v2 17830 2014-04-17 Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice 3316b1d1b524be1831790933eed1c26e 0000-0002-4129-6616 William Griffiths William Griffiths true false c92729b58622f9fdf6a0e7d8f4ce5081 0000-0002-3063-3066 Yuqin Wang Yuqin Wang true false 2014-04-17 BMS Cholesterol is catabolized to bile acids by peroxisomal β-oxidation in which the side-chain of C27-bile acid intermediates is shortened by three carbon atoms to form mature C24-bile acids. Knock-out mouse models deficient in α-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (Amacr) or multifunctional enzyme type 2 (Mfe-2), in which this β-oxidation pathway is prevented, display a residual mature C24-bile acid pool although greatly reduced, which implies the existence of alternative pathways of bile acid synthesis. One alternative pathway could involve peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 1 (Mfe-1) either with or without Amacr. To test this hypothesis, we generated a double knock-out mouse model lacking both Amacr and Mfe-1 activities and studied the bile acid profiles in wild-type, Mfe-1 and Amacr single knock-out and Mfe-1 and Amacr double knock-out mouse lines. The total bile acid pool was decreased in Mfe-1 -/- mice compared to wild-type and the levels of mature C24-bile acids were reduced in the double knock-out mice when compared to Amacr-deficient mice. These results indicate that peroxisomal Mfe-1 can contribute to the synthesis of mature bile acids in both an Amacr–dependent and an Amacr-independent manner. Journal Article Biochemical Journal 31 12 2014 2014-12-31 10.1042/BJ20130915 COLLEGE NANME Biomedical Sciences COLLEGE CODE BMS Swansea University 2019-09-24T16:07:45.8226127 2014-04-17T09:29:48.5488383 Swansea University Medical School Medicine 1 William Griffiths 0000-0002-4129-6616 2 Yuqin Wang 0000-0002-3063-3066 3
title Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
spellingShingle Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
William, Griffiths
Yuqin, Wang
title_short Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
title_full Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
title_fullStr Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
title_full_unstemmed Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
title_sort Role of α-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (Amacr) and peroxisomal Multifunctional Enzyme 1 (Mfe-1) in bile acid synthesis in mice
author_id_str_mv 3316b1d1b524be1831790933eed1c26e
c92729b58622f9fdf6a0e7d8f4ce5081
author_id_fullname_str_mv 3316b1d1b524be1831790933eed1c26e_***_William, Griffiths
c92729b58622f9fdf6a0e7d8f4ce5081_***_Yuqin, Wang
author William, Griffiths
Yuqin, Wang
author2
William Griffiths
Yuqin Wang
format Journal article
container_title Biochemical Journal
publishDate 2014
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.1042/BJ20130915
college_str Swansea University Medical School
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id swanseauniversitymedicalschool
hierarchy_top_title Swansea University Medical School
hierarchy_parent_id swanseauniversitymedicalschool
hierarchy_parent_title Swansea University Medical School
department_str Medicine{{{_:::_}}}Swansea University Medical School{{{_:::_}}}Medicine
document_store_str 0
active_str 0
description Cholesterol is catabolized to bile acids by peroxisomal β-oxidation in which the side-chain of C27-bile acid intermediates is shortened by three carbon atoms to form mature C24-bile acids. Knock-out mouse models deficient in α-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (Amacr) or multifunctional enzyme type 2 (Mfe-2), in which this β-oxidation pathway is prevented, display a residual mature C24-bile acid pool although greatly reduced, which implies the existence of alternative pathways of bile acid synthesis. One alternative pathway could involve peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 1 (Mfe-1) either with or without Amacr. To test this hypothesis, we generated a double knock-out mouse model lacking both Amacr and Mfe-1 activities and studied the bile acid profiles in wild-type, Mfe-1 and Amacr single knock-out and Mfe-1 and Amacr double knock-out mouse lines. The total bile acid pool was decreased in Mfe-1 -/- mice compared to wild-type and the levels of mature C24-bile acids were reduced in the double knock-out mice when compared to Amacr-deficient mice. These results indicate that peroxisomal Mfe-1 can contribute to the synthesis of mature bile acids in both an Amacr–dependent and an Amacr-independent manner.
published_date 2014-12-31T03:30:01Z
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